showed contrast echocardiography
to be superior to lung perfusion studies to screen for intrapulmonary vasodilatation in patients with cirrhosis, and it has since been recommended by the European Respiratory Society Task Force of Pulmonary-Hepatic vascular disorders as the first line screening modality for HPS [10, 21].
Caption: FIGURE 1: Two-dimensional contrast echocardiography
showed the presence of bubbles in the left atrium after 7 cardiac cycles (yellow arrow), consistent with an intrapulmonary shunting (R: right, L: left).
There is very limited data assessing the impact of VAD flow on contrast echocardiography
and it is a source of on-going research [54, 55].
Mendrick et al., "Acute hyperglycemia reduces myocardial blood flow reserve and the magnitude of reduction is associated with insulin resistance: a study in nondiabetic humans using contrast echocardiography
," Heart and Vessels, vol.
Lindner, "Future applications of contrast echocardiography
," Heart, vol.
Usefulness of contrast echocardiography
for diagnosis of left ventricular noncompaction.
In addition, coronary vascular architecture and flow reserve as possible criteria of the nature of the cardiac enlargement have also been suggested (Hildick-Smith and Shapiro, 2001; Indermuhle et al., 2006), and contrast echocardiography
(Indermuhle et al., 2006), as well as myocardial Doppler imaging (D'Andrea et al., 2006; Rajiv et al., 2004) and three-dimensional echocardiography (De Castro et al., 2006, 2007) have recently emerged as valuable tools for the differentiation discussed.
A noninvasive bedside technique for evaluating acute coronary syndromes, myocardial contrast echocardiography
(MCE) provides a simultaneous assessment of regional wall motion and myocardial perfusion using microbubble contrast agents.
A new study presented this summer at the American Society of Echocardiography's 15th Annual Scientific Sessions shows that an ultrasound technique called myocardial contrast echocardiography
(MCE) can quickly tell emergency room physicians whether a patient's chest pain is cardiac-related.
with SonoVue [R] showed enhancement of the right atrium wall and intracardiac mass, indicating granulomatosis or cardiac angiosarcoma.
using agitated saline has nearly 100% sensitivity for screening patients [14, 15] for PAVM.