Contractile vacuole | definition of contractile vacuole by Medical dictionary
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a space or cavity in the protoplasm of a cell.
contractile vacuole a small fluid-filled cavity in the protoplasm of certain unicellular organisms. It gradually increases in size and then collapses; its function is thought to be respiratory and excretory.
a cavity formed by the accumulation of fluid in the ectoplasm of a protozoan; after increasing for a time it empties itself externally by a sudden contraction; it functions as an osmoregulatory mechanism for water balance, especially in freshwater protozoans.
A membrane-bound organelle found in certain protists that pumps fluid in a cyclical manner from within the cell to the outside by alternately filling and then contracting to release its contents at various points on the surface of the cell. It functions in maintaining osmotic equilibrium.
contractile vacuole a membrane-surrounded vacuole that periodically fills with liquid, expands and then actively voids the contents to the outside of the organism. Particularly found in protozoans and freshwater sponges, the contractile vacuole appears to have an osmoregulatory function involving active transport. The vacuoles are surrounded by MITOCHONDRIA to produce ATP which drives a sodium pump, enabling water to pass into the vacuole against the osmotic gradient. This theory is supported by the relative absence of such vacuoles in marine amoebae, whereas they are common in freshwater forms that take in water along an osmotive gradient because of the higher (less negative) osmotic pressure inside the cell compared with outside.
References in periodicals archive
Isolation and initial characterization of the bipartite contractile vacuole complex from Dictyostelium discoideum.
Contractile vacuole complex--its expanding protein inventory.
A contractile vacuole complex is involved in osmoregulation in Trypanosoma cruzi.
Acidocalcisomes and the contractile vacuole complex are involved in osmoregulation in Trypanosoma cruzi.