Many teachers of students with visual impairments use the contracted braille course to refresh their braille skills in anticipation of adding braille readers to their caseloads (Gilson, 2014).
I can't wait to take contracted braille. As a special ed[ucation] paraprofessional this [course] gave me a great deal of insight as to what my student was struggling with.
The results of this study suggest that constant time delay is a promising strategy in teaching highly motivating contracted braille
On the basis of the clinical tryout of test items and the telephone interviews, the final test items were selected in contracted braille
for the exploratory study.
As a result, the research team of the Alphabetic and Contracted Braille Study (ABC Braille Study) wanted to examine how parents' attitudes and perceptions related to braille literacy might influence students' success in learning to read and write braille.
Only 3 (9.7%) participants stated that they knew contracted braille, 7 (22.6%) stated that they did not know any braille, and 4 (12.90%) did not respond.
For two competencies related to writing passages of more than 150 words in contracted braille on the Perkins brailler, the practitioners identified a higher level of accuracy (0-1 error) than did the instructors (2-3 errors).
As with the differences in accuracy noted in the writing domain, the practitioners suggested a higher level of accuracy on the one item: proofreading passages written at the high school level in contracted braille. There were only minor differences between the practitioners and instructors related to the types of references that should be permitted when demonstrating a competency, with recommendations overlapping for seven of the eight competencies.
Hand movements and braille reading efficiency: Data from the Alphabetic Braille and Contracted Braille
The project was originally conceived as a longitudinal research study to compare the reading outcomes of students whose teachers taught them to read using one of two methods: uncontracted braille or contracted braille. As the research progressed, and it became more apparent that the division between the two original groups was becoming less and less clear, the direction of the project shifted slightly to a quest for fundamental knowledge of what the teachers were actually doing in terms of introducing contractions and other aspects of reading and to compare what they were doing with the students' achievement.
Effective teaching strategies: Case studies from the Alphabetic Braille and Contracted Braille Study.
Table 2 Sample sentence tokens with common openings followed by keywords (italicized) and rendered in contracted braille
. Condition Sentence wH oH She would see the greater properties.