Medical practice The implied understanding between physician and Pt that the former provides the best possible care in a truthful and timely fashion, in exchange for the latter's trust. See Doctor-patient relationship.
Recalling Sen's critique of the Contractarian school of social ethics, it is noteworthy that this form of universalism cannot be supported by the concept of the social contract because in that line of reasoning, the rights extend only to those who are party to the contract, i.
In this respect he joins a number of recent theorists--Albert Memmi, Martha Nussbaum, Michael Berube, Eva Kittay, and Alasdaire MacIntyre--for whom a consideration of dependency challenges the social contract as it has been conceived from Rousseau and Hume to Rawls and asks whether contractarian ideals can stand the test of differently abled bodies?
In the first part, while explaining the demands for justice, Sen discusses the prevailing theories of justice including the Contractarian approach, Adam Smith's 'Impartial Spectator'; and John Rawl's 'Justice as fairness'.
Finally, Murphy has long been drawn to a Kantian approach to moral philosophy in general, a contractarian approach to political philosophy, and a retributive theory of punishment, yet he has concluded that a fairness/reciprocity remake of retributivism along Rawlsian lines will not work.