continuous positive pressure ventilation

Also found in: Acronyms.

con·trolled me·chan·i·cal ven·ti·la·tion (CMV),

artificial ventilation in which all inspirations are provided by positive pressure applied to the airway, without regard to the patient's own efforts at breathing. In current clinical practice, this mode is almost never used.

continuous positive pressure ventilation (CPPV)

a pressure above ambient pressure maintained in the upper airway throughout the breathing cycle. The term is usually applied to positive end-expiratory pressure and mechanical ventilation. Also called constant positive pressure ventilation, continuous positive pressure breathing. See also continuous positive airway pressure.

con·trolled me·chan·i·cal ven·ti·la·tion

(kŏn-trōld' mĕ-kan'i-kăl ven'ti-lā'shŭn)
A term sometimes applied to a mode of mechanical ventilation that provides a breath sequence independent of the patient's inspiratory effort.
Synonym(s): continuous mandatory ventilation, continuous positive pressure ventilation, intermittent positive pressure breathing.
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