continuous positive airway pressure


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Related to continuous positive airway pressure: sleep apnea, Bilevel positive airway pressure

continuous positive airway pressure

 (CPAP)
a method of positive pressure ventilation used with patients who are breathing spontaneously, done to keep the alveoli open at the end of exhalation and thus increase oxygenation and reduce the work of breathing. When the same principle is used in mechanical ventilation, it is called positive end-expiratory pressure.

con·tin·u·ous pos·i·tive air·way pres·sure (CPAP),

a technique of respiratory therapy, in either spontaneously breathing or mechanically ventilated patients, in which airway pressure is maintained above atmospheric pressure throughout the respiratory cycle by pressurization of the ventilatory circuit.

continuous positive airway pressure

n.
A technique of respiratory therapy for either spontaneously breathing or mechanically ventilated patients in which airway pressure is maintained above atmospheric pressure by pressurization of the ventilatory circuit.

continuous positive airway pressure

Critical care A type of artificial ventilation, in which the lung pressure is maintained above atmospheric pressure during the entire respiratory cycle. See PEEP.

con·tin·u·ous pos·i·tive air·way pres·sure

(CPAP) (kŏn-tin'yū-ŭs poz'i-tiv ār'wā presh'ŭr)
A technique of respiratory therapy, in either spontaneously breathing or mechanically ventilated patients, in which the mean airway pressure is maintained above atmospheric pressure throughout the respiratory cycle by pressurization of the ventilatory circuit.

Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP)

A ventilation device that blows a gentle stream of air into the nose during sleep to keep the airway open.
Mentioned in: Sleep Apnea, Snoring
References in periodicals archive ?
Experience of nasal continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) by infant flow driver in a neonatal unit of a developing country.
CPAP: continuous positive airway pressure. There were no significant differences between groups (Mann-Whitney test).
Shipley, "Effects of continuous positive airway pressure on phasic events of REM sleep in patients with obstructive sleep apnea," Sleep, vol.
Continuous positive airway pressure for treatment of postoperative hypoxemia: a randomized controlled trial.
Caption: First-line treatment for adults with obstructive sleep apnea should be continuous positive airway pressure therapy or a mandibular advancement device, according to the ACP clinical practice guideline.
Long-term effect of continuous positive airway pressure in hypertensive patients with sleep apnea.
Ejarque-Martinez et al., "Continuous positive airway pressure treatment reduces mortality in patients with ischemic stroke and obstructive sleep apnea: a 5-year follow-up study," American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, vol.
Treating snoring then became a matter of urgency and continuous positive airway pressure was born.
"There will be a chance for visitors to speak to consultants, clinicians and support group members about many aspects of sleep apnoea and its treatment with CPAP (continuous positive airway pressure) machines and to listen to key-note speakers about this medical condition."
Medical Devices For Respiratory Dysfunction: Principles And Modeling Of Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP) Devices.

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