continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis

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 [di-al´ĭ-sis] (Gr.)
1. the diffusion of solute molecules through a semipermeable membrane, normally passing from the side of higher concentration to that of lower. A semipermeable membrane is one that allows the passage of certain smaller molecules of such crystalloids as glucose and urea, but prevents passage of larger molecules such as the colloidal plasma proteins and protoplasm. adj., adj dialyt´ic.
continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) peritoneal dialysis involving the continuous presence of dialysis solution in the peritoneal cavity; see discussion at peritoneal dialysis.
continuous cycling peritoneal dialysis (CCPD) a procedure similar to continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis but taking place at night, using a machine to make several fluid exchanges automatically. See discussion at peritoneal dialysis.
dialysis dysequilibrium syndrome a condition occasionally seen following overly rapid hemodialysis, characterized by increased intracranial pressure that causes nausea, headache, vomiting, restlessness, and a decreased level of consciousness. The neurological complications may lead to coma and death if not treated. The cause of this syndrome is thought to be the rapid decrease in the blood urea nitrogen that accompanies dialysis. Called also dialysis dysequilibrium.
extracorporeal dialysis dialysis by a hemodialyzer; see also hemodialysis.
intermittent peritoneal dialysis (IPD) an older form of peritoneal dialysis in which dialysis solution is infused into the peritoneal cavity, allowed to equilibrate for 10 to 20 minutes, and then drained out. See discussion at peritoneal dialysis.
kidney dialysis hemodialysis.
peritoneal dialysis see peritoneal dialysis.
renal dialysis hemodialysis.

con·tin·u·ous am·bu·la·to·ry per·i·to·ne·al di·al·y·sis (CAPD),

method of peritoneal dialysis performed in ambulatory patients with influx and efflux of dialysate during normal activities.

continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis

See Peritoneal dialysis.

con·tin·u·ous am·bu·la·to·ry per·i·to·ne·al di·al·y·sis

(CAPD) (kŏn-tin'yū-ŭs am'byū-lă-tōr-ē per'i-tŏ-nē'ăl dī-al'i-sis)
Method of peritoneal dialysis performed in ambulatory patients with influx and efflux of dialysate during normal activities.
References in periodicals archive ?
Failure to cure Mycobacterium gordonae peritonitis associated with continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis. Clin Infect Dis.
Continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) versus hospital or home hemodialysis forend-stage renal disease in adults.
Bag exchange in continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis without use of a face mask: experience of five years.
Vas et al., "Peritonitis in continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD): a multicentre randomized clinical trial comparing the Y connector disinfectant system to standard systems," Peritoneal Dialysis International, vol.
High-dose diuretics in continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis. Perit Dial Int.
Continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis with anhydrous glucose solution of different concentrations (1.36% 2.27% or 3.86%) ph 7.4 bicarbonate 25 mmol / l.
Nutritional assessment of continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis patients: An international study.
In 1975, Popovich and Moncrief developed a new technique of continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (Sorrels, 1979).
Osten, "Is interleukin-6 concentration in the dialysate of continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis patients a prognostic parameter in peritonitis?" Advances in Peritoneal Dialysis.
A total of 62 patients were assessed, 59 with Chronic Kidney Disease (24 on Continuous Ambulatory Peritoneal Dialysis and 35 on Automated Peritoneal Dialysis) and 3 with Congestive Heart Failure.
Change in Nutritional Status on Follow-up of an Incident Cohort of Continuous Ambulatory Peritoneal Dialysis Patients.

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