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the extent to which a measuring device measures what it intends or purports to measure.
construct validity the degree to which an instrument measures the characteristic being investigated; the extent to which the conceptual definitions match the operational definitions.
content validity verification that the method of measurement actually measures what it is expected to measure; see also face validity.
external validity the extent to which study findings can be generalized beyond the sample used in the study.
face validity a type of content validity, determining the suitability of a given instrument as a source of data on the subject under investigation, using common-sense criteria.
internal validity the extent to which the effects detected in a study are truly caused by the treatment or exposure in the study sample, rather than being due to other biasing effects of extraneous variables.
predictive validity the effectiveness of one set of test or research results as a predictor of the outcome of future experiments or tests.
the extent to which the items of a test or procedure are in fact a representative sample of that which is to be measured; for example, items relating to ability in arithmetic and defining words are appropriate content for an intelligence test.
content validityThe extent to which a variable (e.g., a rating scale) measures what it is intended to measure, including the concept of interest—i.e., evidence that the items and domains are appropriate and comprehensive relative to its intended measurement concept, population and use.
con·tent va·lid·i·ty(kontent vă-lidi-tē)
Extent to which the items of a test or procedure are in fact a representative sample of that which is to be measured.