precaution

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precaution

 [pre-kaw´shun]
a protective measure taken in advance.
airborne p's a group of transmission-based precautions used when caring for patients who have diseases that spread through the air, such as tuberculosis, chickenpox, and measles. The patient should be in a private room.
aspiration p's in the nursing interventions classification, a nursing intervention defined as the prevention or minimization of risk factors in the patient at risk for aspiration.
bleeding p's in the nursing interventions classification, a nursing intervention defined as reduction of stimuli that may induce bleeding or hemorrhage in at-risk patients.
cardiac p's in the nursing interventions classification, a nursing intervention defined as the prevention of an acute episode of impaired cardiac function by minimizing myocardial oxygen consumption or increasing myocardial oxygen supply. See also myocardial infarction.
circulatory p's in the nursing interventions classification, a nursing intervention defined as the protection of a localized area with limited perfusion.
contact p's a group of transmission-based precautions used when caring for patients who have diseases that spread through direct skin to skin contact or through indirect contact with contaminated equipment.
droplet p's a group of transmission-based precautions used when caring for patients who have diseases that spread by droplets or dust particles, such as by coughing, sneezing, or talking or during procedures such as suctioning and bronchoscopy. The diseases include rubella, mumps, diphtheria, and influenza.
elopement p's in the nursing interventions classification, a nursing intervention defined as minimizing the risk of a patient leaving a treatment setting without authorization when departure presents a threat to the safety of the patient or others.
embolus p's in the nursing interventions classification, a nursing intervention defined as the reduction of the risk of an embolus in a patient with thrombi or at risk for developing thrombus formation.
fire-setting p's in the nursing interventions classification, a nursing intervention defined as the prevention of fire-setting behaviors.
isolation p's see isolation precautions.
laser p's in the nursing interventions classification, a nursing intervention defined as limiting the risk of injury to the patient related to use of a laser.
latex p's in the nursing interventions classification, a nursing intervention defined as reducing the risk of systemic reaction to latex. See also latex allergy.
malignant hyperthermia p's in the nursing interventions classification, a nursing intervention defined as prevention or reduction of malignant hyperthermia (hypermetabolic response to pharmacologic agents used during surgery).
pneumatic tourniquet p's in the nursing interventions classification, a nursing intervention defined as applying a pneumatic tourniquet while minimizing the potential for patient injury from use of the device.
seizure p's in the nursing interventions classification, a nursing intervention defined as prevention or minimization of potential injuries sustained by a patient with a known seizure disorder.
standard p's a classification of isolation precautions that replaces the former classifications of universal precautions and measures used for isolation of moist body products.
subarachnoid hemorrhage p's in the nursing interventions classification, a nursing intervention defined as the reduction of internal and external stimuli or stressors to minimize the risk of rebleeding prior to aneurysm surgery.
surgical p's in the nursing interventions classification, a nursing intervention defined as minimizing the potential for iatrogenic injury to the patient related to a surgical procedure.
transmission-based p's isolation precautions used when caring for patients with highly transmissible or epidemiologically important pathogens; these constitute additional measures beyond standard precautions. There are three types, depending on the type of disease the patient has: airborne precautions, droplet precautions, and contact precautions.
universal p's a group of measures formerly recommended for protection of noninfected individuals against bloodborne infections such as hepatitis B virus and human immunodeficiency virus, now replaced by the measures called standard precautions.

precaution

(pri-ko'shon) [ pre- + caution]
An action taken in advance to protect against danger, harm, or possible failure.

airborne precaution

Airborne isolation.

body substance isolation precautions

The standard precautions taken by all health care personnel, such as wearing gloves, goggles, and masks, to avoid contact with potentially infectious body substances such as urine, feces, saliva, vomit, and blood.

contact precaution

Contact isolation.

droplet precaution

Droplet isolation.
References in periodicals archive ?
Given the relevance of the issue on the use of measures of contact precautions in order to prevent the spread of resistant microorganisms to other patients and professionals, this research worked with students in their last year of undergraduate nursing course with the objective of knowing the knowledge of nursing students on contact precautions.
(8) An outbreak in Puerto Rico in 2008 was reported, with 39 cases of infection with carbapemenase producing strains, where two colonized, asymptomatic patients who should have been under contact precautions were not.
When active surveillance testing is used to identify MRSA-colonized patients, contact precautions are to be continued throughout the duration of hospital stay; a reasonable approach to subsequent discontinuation would be to document clearance of the organism with 3 or more surveillance tests in the absence of antimicrobial exposure (Siegel, Rhinehart, Jackson, Chiarello, and Healthcare Infection Control Practices Advisory Committee, 2007).
* Contact precautions should be implemented with all patients where colonization or MRSA infection is suspected or confirmed.
FPH and UHB abandoned routine contact precautions for patients infected or colonized with ESBL-producing E.
These data suggest that recent calls to withdraw infection control interventions (5) designed to prevent MRSA transmission, such as use of contact precautions, might be premature and inadvisable, at least until more is known about effective control of bacterial pathogen transmission in health care settings.
Nevertheless, it is essential to remember basic infection control measures and to observe compliance of hand hygiene, contact precautions, and take care of staff training and instruction [12].
scabiei, immediately triggering contact precautions in the ED and elsewhere.
On the basis of the same evidence and assumptions, we are willing to wrap ourselves in plastic and confine patients to their hospital rooms--that is, to use contact precautions. And yet, we are not willing to eliminate white coats and ties."
Droplet precautions should be added to the standard precautions when providing care to patients with symptoms of acute respiratory infections; contact precautions and eye protection should be added when caring for probable or confirmed cases of MERS-CoV infection; airborne precautions should be applied when performing aerosol generating procedures.
The hand washing component of the study required participants to enter an isolation room using contact precautions and perform specific nursing duties for a simulated patient.
The CDC[41 recommends that all patients colonised or infected with epidemiologically important pathogens (including MDROs) that are spread by contact be placed on contact precautions. This consists of isolating the patient in a room (or placing the patient with others with the same organism), use of gloves for all patient contact, and use of gowns/aprons during patient contact.