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A generic term for a patient and potential patient, carer, organisation representing consumers’ interests, or member of the public, who is the target of health promotion programmes, and any group asking for research because they believe they have been exposed to potentially harmful circumstances, products or services.


any organism which consumes other organisms to gain food resources. Macro consumers (phagotrophs) are chiefly animals which ingest other organisms or particulate organic matter (detritus). Microconsumers are chiefly bacteria and fungi which break down dead organic material, absorb some of the decomposition products, and release inorganic nutrients (which are then re-available to the PRODUCERS) and organic materials which may provide energy sources to other organisms. See TROPHIC LEVEL.


n one who may receive or is receiving dental service; the term is also used in health care legislation and programs as a reference to someone who is never a practitioner or is not associated in any direct or indirect way with the supplying or provision of dental services.

Patient discussion about consumer

Q. Which food should be consumed and which should be avoided. Found some months before that my mother has very painful gout. Which food should be consumed and which should be avoided and why?

A. Changing the nutrition profile will be of help and a good medical treatment for gout is also available. High protein food should be avoided. But lamb, pork, bacon, chicken, all fish, peas, beans and lentils can be taken in small amount, as protein is an important requirement for nutritional fulfillment, its intake should be in very small amounts. Alcohol should be reduced greatly, especially wine and beer. A good fluid intake of plain water is advised. Foods that aggravate shall be avoided.

Q. If an alcoholic consumes zinc, will he be safe? Hi! While reading through the medical journal, I came to know that if an alcoholic consumes zinc, will he be safe?

A. Approximately 30%–50% of alcoholics have low zinc status because ethanol consumption decreases intestinal absorption of zinc and increases urinary zinc -


zinc is a necessary mineral you need for the immune system, brain function and other systems of the body.

Q. If an alcoholic consumes zinc, will he be safe? Hi! While reading through the medical journal, I came to know that if an alcoholic consumes zinc, will he be safe?

A. I am glad that you are regularly updating the medical journals. Consumption of zinc is a safe and effective means of affording protection from alcohol induced tissue injury. Zinc deficiency is an underlying feature of alcohol abuse.

More discussions about consumer
References in periodicals archive ?
With regard to financial gains, 41% of broker respondents think the advantages go to the employers, and then consumers and financial institutions.
Tena Friery is the research director at the Privacy Rights Clearinghouse, a nonprofit consumer information and advocacy organization.
The voice of the end consumer must be built into every stage of the product innovation process.
In 1999 NLM officially changed its mission statement to include health information for the public and quickly developed a conscientious response to the consumer health revolution triggered by the explosion of the Internet.
To this end, RSA is developing initiatives to draw upon the contributions of consumer organizations by making their services a more integral resource to the VR program.
STRIDE--Systems Targeting Resource Integration for Dairy Excellence--is designed to help the dairy industry avoid this path by proactively developing and implementing management systems that assure every business is consistently exceeding quality standards in the areas of animal health, animal welfare, food safety and the environment, which are all hot buttons targeting consumer confidence.
India and Indonesia reported major increases in mortgage applications, consumer loans, and credit card purchases in 2002.
jp, Amazon Japan conducted broad-scale due diligence of privacy, consumer protection, copyright and trademark, commercial, import/export, employment and other Japanese laws.
Ultimately, Blanke provides scant evidence to support this distinction between urban and rural consumer behavior.
At present, the Commission is considering a petition by the Consumer Federation of America (CFA) seeking a similar "owner card" program as that envisioned both by CPSC staff and by the Moran legislation.
The pronounced rise in uncertainty also has damped consumer spending and capital investment; households and businesses, confronted with heightened uncertainty, have pulled back from the marketplace, though that withdrawal has been partial and presumably temporary.
Consumers particularly concerned about privacy can and should make use of free and pay services to anonymize their online activities (See Consumer Comments, September-October 2000) and stay abreast of the policies of websites with which they choose to do business.