Zinman explores and clarifies the complexities of Ayurveda, from its understanding of nature and the five elements -- earth, water, fire, air, and space -- to the way these exist in the three human constitutional types
, or "doshas," and the different ways diabetes may appear in each type.
This study assess the effectiveness of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) treatments based on the TCM classification of constitutional types for improving both cognitive function and TCM constitutional status in elderly individuals with WML.
6,8] The scores for each of the four constitutional types were assessed as follows: a trained TCM doctor assessed the individual's symptoms using the 'TCM Constitutional Type Scale' developed by Wang  and entered the results in a computer program  which then generated scores for each constitutional type and an overall classification of the individual's constitutional type based on the scores.
Before versus after comparison of the scores for each of the four TCM constitutional types between groups were conducted using analysis of variance with the baseline values as covariates.
After adjusting for baseline values, the analysis of variance indicated that the improvement in the treatment group was significantly greater than that in the control group for all four constitutional types.
We found substantial benefits in this 6-month TCM intervention for mild cognitive impairment in individuals classified in one of the 4 most common TCM constitutional types.
Simply put, he utilizes the five constitutional types of CCM along with electromagnetic muscle testing to design individual nutritional plans.
For greater understanding of his patients' status, the author turns to the five constitutional types in Chinese medicine: wood, fire, earth, metal, and water.
The five constitutional types have guidelines for proper diet selections, but even within those types there is bioindividuality.
To determine which supplements are needed, the author relies upon the Chinese constitutional types and hair analysis.
Mucor constitutional types are more plethoric, hypertensive, congested, and lacking circulation in all body areas from brain to heart to liver, to phlebitis and diabetic ulcers.
Aspergillus constitutional types are of the tubercular miasm, slender, with lung issues, and fungal problems from sinus to female pelvic and bladder disorders and cancer.