The main goal of this research was to determine if host or conspecific
odors can act as attractants to guava weevil.
Indeed, it could be that exposure to predatory odor distracts the rats in some way, disrupting working memory and causing a lack of recognition of the initial conspecific
, making it novel once more, and reducing preference for the novel conspecific
In any case, this study showed that conspecific
fighting is not an efficient US for establishing CTA, at least with the conventional procedures.
Seed and seedling clumps are generally located below the adult trees or else far away from the nearest conspecific
Selecting appropriate species and playback methods are only the first steps in establishing a new population with conspecific
fasciatus did not tongue flick less frequently to self compared to conspecific
pheromone (t = 359, n = 40, P = 0.236).
socius were in equal frequency in these cages, females of each species were likely to mate often with conspecifics
. Hence, conditions in this experiment were optimal for the operation of conspecific
sperm precedence as a barrier to hybridization.
The species of the adult spider, the identity of the prey items, conspecific
, heterospecific, or crickets, and the interaction between the two were used as factors for the MANOVA.
There was no significant effect of the interaction between host instar and foraging scenario (i.e., foraging alone, or in hetero- or conspecific
pairs) on oviposition host preference for D.
Mucus rings were collected from the columns of healthy conspecific
and interspecific anemones H.
Our results suggest that cue strength, complexity or synergism (additive effects of multiple repellant or species-specific cues) or antagonism (masking of repellant cues by sex-specific attractants) might play important roles in mediating learned responses to conspecific
attraction, whereby animals aggregate in areas based on the presence of conspecifics
and beyond a level expected from resource availability (for example, Stamps 1988; Stephens and Sutherland 1999), is now widely recognized as influential for settlement in many groups of birds (songbirds, waterfowl, seabirds; see reviews such as Reed and Dobson 1993).