consociation

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consociation

a climax vegetation in which one species is dominant, e.g. oakwood, as opposed to ASSOCIATION where there are several dominant species.
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All map units were considered consociations with any single component representing a homogeneous unit.
He interpreted federalism, the contractual combination of self-rule and shared rule, as a broad genus of political organization encompassing a range of different species, including federations, confederations, unions, asymmetrical arrangements such as federacies and associated states, nonterritorial consociations, leagues, joint functional authorities, and condominiums.
Then he discusses five different "regimes of toleration" - multinational empires, international society, consociations (such as Belgium and Switzerland), nation-states, and immigrant societies (like the United States).
The 1:10 000 soils map of La Selva (Sancho and Mata 1987) demarcates 23 consociations (mapping units within which [greater than or equal to]75% of the area is the described soil type) and one complex.
In consociations, the task of preventing ethnic communities from developing full-scale and exclusive national consciousness requires political elites either to downplay the state's national identity in a world in which the pressures to do the opposite are very powerful, or to develop an artificial and transcendent national identity, which may prove very difficult.