consociation

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consociation

a climax vegetation in which one species is dominant, e.g. oakwood, as opposed to ASSOCIATION where there are several dominant species.
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Consociational models seek to promote democracy in segmented societies by power-sharing through a grand coalition of all political parties.
During the peace agreement negotiations, consociational system of government seemed as the only viable type of democratic system that would accommodate various ethnic interests and enable cooperation and consensus among different groups.
As elite ethnic bargaining is an important component in Malaysia's consociational democracy, it is not difficult to see which ethnic category is "activated" more prominently than the others.
Because of society's divisions, ethnic parties were forced to form a consociational alliance.
Several scholars and political figures have made specific calls for PR, arguing that it will increase representation of smaller, ethnic political parties while reducing the seat inflation of larger parties--the standard consociational logic (Marston 2013; Chit 2014; Smith n.
Any successful new social contract should be somehow administratively federalist in regards to Kurds, and be consociational (or consociationally democratic) in regards to the division between secular and religious citizens.
Although it can be argued that the Dayton Peace Accord is not a good model given the challenges faced in its implementation, it certainly tested the muscles of the international community in the Consociational Agreement.
Lebanon's consociational democracy was based off of findings from the census, solidified in a 1943 agreement to always appoint a Maronite Christian
This leads to consideration of how Iraq can form a proper consociational democracy that allocates resources across oil rich and oil poor regions.
The author comparatively explains institutional democratization in the post-socialist countries of Albania and Macedonia with a theoretical model that he calls a "sectorial contextual approach to democratization," in which EU membership conditionality leads to a set of consociational practices negotiated by EU and East European elites for building and/or reforming institutions that conform to the existing EU model and contribute to democratic stability in the EU and in potential members outside EU borders.
While most Arab countries were ruled by top-heavy autocracies dominated by individuals or families, often representing some minority sect or ethnic group, Lebanon was different: It was governed by a consociational system of government that sought consensus among 18 different confessional groups represented in the parliament and society.
From a theoretical point of view, in accordance with the above-introduced theoretical framework based on continuum between narrow and wide understanding of peace, in this problem we can identify a discrepancy between consociational and transformationist approaches to question of identity in post-conflict societies (see Byrne, 2001; Caspersen, 2004; Roberts, 2008; Nagle and Clancy, 2012).