(4) The Lebanese system (variously described as confessional, sectarian or consociational
) arguably offers a possible model for democratization.
The emergence of new politics in Malaysia from consociational
to deliberative democracy.
models seek to promote democracy in segmented societies by power-sharing through a grand coalition of all political parties.
Loizides addresses the following research questions: Why do some societies choose federal or consociational
institutions to accommodate ethnic or religious variety while others avoid doing so?
In the first of three sections, Salamey introduces the history and nature of consociational
politics in Lebanon.
This article will analyze the political framework established by the 1995 Dayton agreement and examine it in the light of pervasive ethnic divisions, broken consociational
democracy and continuous international supervision.
Democracy and Proportional Representation
In this book, Karolina Prasad attempts to study how institutions, particularly political parties, play a role in changing ethnic identities in consociational
and centripetal polities.
The political system of Iraq is a confessional democracy, based on Arend Lijphart's consociational
They did so by championing moderate measures: federation for Britain and a Canadian federation that was avowedly consociational
. The Young Scots' grievances were political in orientation.
(9) Proponents of power sharing have generally drawn inspiration from Arend Lijphart's concept of "consociational
democracy," which describes a deliberate effort by elites to stabilize a political system through the formation of a "grand coalition" comprising leaders from all major social groups.