67, 89 (2009) (arguing that "conscientious refusals
result in only a temporary inconvenience in obtaining emergency contraception"); Elizabeth Fenton & Loren Lomasky, Dispensing with Liberty: Conscientious Refusal
and the "Morning-After Pill," 30 J.
(83.) The Limits of Conscientious Refusal
in Reproductive Medicine, ACOG COMMITTEE OPINION NO.
All mention of civil disobedience or conscientious refusal
is absent from Political Liberalism.
As I see things, however, if conscience protections are properly balanced and adjudicated, then a pharmacist who refuses to dispense birth control or abortifacients can legitimately be granted conscientious refusal
status--but only if such refusal is balanced by another pharmacist who is willing to handle these prescriptions with no interruptions in service.
(11.) Sonfield A, Delineating the obligations that come with conscientious refusal
: a question of balance, Guttmacher Policy Review, 2009, 12(3):610, http://www.guttmacher.org/pubs/gpr/12/3/gpr120306.pdf.
For instance, the APhA "recognizes the individual pharmacist's right to exercise conscientious refusal
and supports the establishment of systems to ensure [patients'] access to legally prescribed therapy without compromising the pharmacist's right of conscientious refusal
." (18) But since FDA approval, states have struggled to establish such systems that deal with refusals by pharmacists and pharmacies to stock and dispense EC.
(1) Many Israeli legal and moral theorists have written on the question of different forms of disobedience, among them conscientious refusal
, but the authors who are concerned with the philosophical question of disobedience usually disregard the traditional Jewish aspect of the question.
." (111) Some pharmacists refuse to provide
In November 2007, ACOG issued a new ethical statement, "The Limits of Conscientious Refusal
in Reproductive Medicine." The title well expressed the apparent goal of the ACOGto limit physicians' right to conscientiously oppose abortion.
The American Pharmacists Association "recognizes the individual pharmacist's right to exercise conscientious refusal
and supports the establishment of systems to ensure patients' access to legally prescribed therapy without compromising the pharmacist's right of refusal." (1)
This relational image shared between doctor and patient is something to which I will return in my second point, because I think that it actually bolsters my case for conscientious refusal
by the doctor; however, here I claim that the doctor-patient relationship --notwithstanding the comforting and trust-filled elements fostered in the relationship--is actually one built upon the foundation of contract.
The Trafficking Victims Protection Act does not include a conscientious refusal