We interviewed two groups: actors in the abortion debate in Colombia (key informants) and self-identified conscientious objectors
In some ways surprisingly, there were more conscientious objectors
in World War Two: a total of around 62,000.
Soon a system was introduced in which imprisoned conscientious objectors
had the chance to swap prison for work centres, where they would be employed doing work not directly related to the war, though absolutists remained in prison.
Not that all conscientious objectors
(COs) did not face impediments.
In total, almost 16,000 men were recorded as conscientious objectors
during the First World War, of which 6,000 were court martialed and sent to prison.
One day when the two were talking, "He said to me, 'Somebody should write about those conscientious objectors
,' " McQuiddy recalled.
He writes, "Open(ended)ness and doubt, then, do not weaken conscience or the case of a conscientious objector
, but are an integral part of it, without which conscientiousness would turn into self-righteousness, and the possibility of self-criticism would be lost" (Schinkel, 2007, p.
Just because a man was a conscientious objector
didn't necessarily mean he wouldn't serve at all.
He said: "Far from being cowards, Conscientious Objectors
were brave and often had to stand up for their beliefs against family and friends.
Yesterday's proceedings were overseen by Piet Dorflinger, a delegate from the European Bureau for Conscientious Objectors
(EBCO), an organisation seeking to enshrine the rights of conscientious objectors
Her analysis not only deepens our understanding of the conscientious objector
experience during the war, but also explores the implications of group rights in a democracy and the duties of citizenship.
Twelve years later, its star Lew Ayres refused to fight in the Second World War, declaring himself a conscientious objector