consanguinity


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Related to consanguinity: amorousness, demureness, Consanguinity table

consanguinity

 [kon″sang-gwin´ĭ-te]
blood relationship; kinship. adj., adj consanguin´eous.

con·san·guin·i·ty

(kon'sang-gwin'i-tē),
Kinship because of common ancestry.
See also: relationship.
[L. consanguinitas, blood relationship]

consanguinity

(kŏn′săn-gwĭn′ĭ-tē, -săng-)
n. pl. consanguini·ties
1. Relationship by blood or by a common ancestor.
2. A close affinity or connection.

consanguinity

The state of belonging to an identical kinship or blood line.

Consanguinity and genetic defects 
Amish—Dwarfism, mental retardation and metabolic disorders seen in 1:250-500 births.

Armenians—Familial Mediterranean fever.
 
Ashkenazi Jews—Abetalipoproteinemia, Bloom syndrome, familial dysautonomia, factor XI deficiency, adult Gaucher’s disease, iminoglycinuria, Meckel syndrome, Niemann-Pick disease, pentosuria, spongy degeneration of brain, stub thumbs, Tay-Sachs disease, torsion dystonia (dystonia musculorum deformans).
 
Blacks—Haemoglobinopathies (HbS), sickle cell anemia, HbC, persistent HbF, alpha-thalassaemia, beta-thalassaemia, G6PD deficiency, adult lactase deficiency.

Canadians: French Quebec—Agenesis of corpus callosum, Morquio syndrome, tyrosinaemia; Nova Scotia—Niemann-Pick disease, type D.
 
Chinese—Beta-thalassaemia, G6PD deficiency, adult lactase deficiency.
 
Costa Rica—Malignant osteoporosis.
 
Eskimos (Inuit and Yupik people)—Adrenal hyperplasia, Kuskokwim disease, methaemoglobinamia, pseudocholinesterase deficiency.
 
Finns—Congenital nephrosis.
 
Irish/English—Neural tube defects.
 
Japanese—Acatalasia, dyschromatosis universalis hereditaria, Oguchi’s disease.
 
Lebanese—Dyggve-Melchior-Clausen syndrome, juvenile Tay-Sachs disease.
 
Mediterranean: Greek, Italian, Sephardic Jews—beta-thalassaemia, Mediterranean-type G6PD deficiency, familial Mediterranean fever, type-III glycogen storage disease
 
Norwegians—Cholestasis-lymphoedema.
 
South Africans—Variegate porphyria.

con·san·guin·i·ty

(kon'sang-gwin'i-tē)
Kinship because of common ancestry.
Synonym(s): blood relationship.
[L. consanguinitas, blood relationship]

consanguinity

Blood relationship. The term does not imply any particular degree of closeness and ranges from identical twin to remote cousin.

con·san·guin·i·ty

(kon'sang-gwin'i-tē)
Kinship because of common ancestry.
[L. consanguinitas, blood relationship]
References in periodicals archive ?
Logistic regression was applied and after adjusting, only history of consanguinity, delayed cry at the time of birth, and paternal history of mental retardation were found to have significant association with ID, while breastfeeding showed a protective effect in relation to ID (Table-4).
" It shall also exist where two or more persons who are spouses or are related within the second civil degree of consanguinity or affinity run simultaneously for elective public office within the same province, even if neither is so related to an incumbent elective official.
Out of the total 363 cases were evaluated, 221 (60.88%) cases have parental consanguinity. Out of these 221 cases, 50 (22.62%) were positive for Down Syndrome and 2 (0.90%) were positive for Turner Syndrome.
Papillon-Lefevre syndrome: reporting consanguinity as a risk factor.
Effect of Consanguinity on Congenital Defects Studied through Cross-Sectional/ Longitudinal Studies
It is necessary to achieve an overview of the family psychosocial genogram for a better understanding of psychiatric pathology in the context of family aggregation and consanguinity.
According to Hank Pellissier of the Institute of Ethics and Emerging Technologies, consanguinity is a deeply rooted cultural preference among one-fifth of the world population mostly in the Middle East, Asia and North Africa.
In females, parental consanguinity leads to a low ovarian reserve and due to rare sun exposure of the skin, Vitamin D deficiency is very common.
A history of consanguinity was present in 48 patients (40%).
In the family history of the case, there was no consanguinity between the parents and no similar patient in the family.
Rates of abortion, termination and still births are found to be higher among females having consanguineous marriages The data also showed limited access or permission to have consultation in consanguineous marriages as most of the respondents do not even fulfill the standard criteria of antenatal visits during pregnancy Such study concludes that in Pakistan, consanguinity not only contributes to the negative effects on maternal and child health but also reinforces adoption of past and outdated behavior patterns among the masses.
[1] Consanguinity has been defined as the marriage or union between people of the same blood, which has decreased heavily in most of the developed countries.