Lee SO, Kim CS, Cho SK, Choi HJ, Ji GE, Oh DK (2003b) Bioconversion of linoleic acid into conjugated linoleic acid
during fermentation and by washed cells of Lactobacillus reuteri.
Cumulative effects of conjugated linoleic acid
and exercise on endurance development, body composition, serum leptin and insulin levels.
Chen, "Oxidative stability of conjugated linoleic acid
isomers," Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, vol.
The major intermediates of the BH of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) by rumen bacteria are conjugated linoleic acids
(cis9, trans11 C18:2; CLA) and trans-vaccenic acid (trans11 C18:1; TVA).
Kennelly, "Effect of conjugated linoleic acid
on bovine mammary cell growth, apoptosis and stearoyl Co-A desaturase gene expression," Domestic Animal Endocrinology, vol.
Trans-10, cis-12 conjugated linoleic acid
causes inflammation and delipidation of white adipose tissue in mice: a microarray and histological analysis.
Biosynthesis of conjugated linoleic acid
in ruminants and humans.
Vegetable oil supplementation reduced linoleic acid to 76%, palmitoleic 23%, and heptadecanoic 35% compared to unsupplemented control group (Table 2), although there was an increase in undecylic, myristoleic, and conjugated linoleic acids
(CLA) up to 70% respect the fat milk content (Table 2).
McLeod, "Conjugated linoleic acid
isomers have no effect on atherosclerosis and adverse effects on lipoprotein and liver lipid metabolism in [apoE.sup.-/-] mice fed a high-cholesterol diet," Atherosclerosis, vol.
KEY WORDS: Chemoradiotherapy, Conjugated linoleic acid
, Rectal cancer, Quality of life.
Conjugated linoleic acid
(CLA) term includes several isomers of linoleic acid, with two main isomers: cis9,trans11 (80-90% of total CLA) and trans10, cis12.
 showed that a diet supplemented with conjugated linoleic acid
decreased body weight in mice and enhanced fatty acid [beta]-oxidation, supported by increased carnitine palmitoyltransferase activity in the skeletal muscle and fat pad, and also that linoleic acid reduced lipoprotein lipase activity while apparently enhancing lipolysis in a study of 3T3-L1 adipocytes treated with conjugated linoleic acid