It must be emphasized that histologic confirmation by biopsy or conization
LLETZ is an acceptable alternative to diagnostic cold-knife conization
Fifteen simple ELECTZ and 33 ELECTZ conization
procedures were performed.
Between 1961 and 1985, the International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) changed the definition of stage IA microinvasive carcinoma 6 times, with treatment varying from conization
alone, to the opposite extreme of radical hysterectomy with pelvic lymphadenectomy .
If microinvasive cancer is detected on biopsy, a larger biopsy, such as a conization
or wedge biopsy, must be conducted to rule out invasion.
Women who were scheduled for the ELECTZ or ELECTZ conization
procedures were enrolled in the study between March 1992 and March 1993, inclusive.
The study, presented in poster form, is the first to show an association between preterm premature rupture of the membranes (PPROM) and even one laser conization
or large loop excision.
Women with any of the following conditions were excluded from participation in the survey: (1) evidence of invasion or microinvasion on the biopsy report; (2) endocervical curettage that was positive for squamous or glandular dysplasia; (3) previous conization
, electrosurgical loop excision procedure, laser therapy, or hysterectomy; (4) presence of any other lower genital tract neoplasia; (5) pregnancy; (6) inadequate colposcopy; (7) allergy to NSAIDs; (8) known drug abuse; or (9) known central or peripheral neurologic deficit.
confirmed the presence of a low-grade dysplasia.
Exclusion criteria were as follows: (1) presence of glandular neoplasia in the endocervical canal, (2) history of conization
, electrosurgical loop excision, laser therapy, cryotherapy, or hysterectomy, (3) any other lower genital tract neoplasia, (4) pregnancy, (5) inadequate colposcopy, (6) implanted pacemaker or cardiac arrhythmia, (7) any kind of central or peripheral neurologic deficit, (8) previous treatment at a pain clinic, and (9) known drug abuse.
Ectopic prostatic tissue (EPT) is not typically on the top of one's differential diagnosis when first examining a bladder lesion, cervical conization
, or decubitus ulcer debridement.
Moreover, the obscured field due to extensive bleeding results in a high rate of residual disease following conization