congenital syphilis


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con·gen·i·tal syph·i·lis

syphilis acquired by the fetus in utero, thus present at birth.

congenital syphilis

Etymology: L, congenitus, born with; Gk, syn, together, philein, to love
a form of syphilis acquired in utero, caused by the spirochete Treponema pallidum. Nearly 50% of infected infants die shortly before or after birth. It is generally characterized by osteitis, rashes, coryza, and wasting in the first months of life. Later childhood signs of the infection include interstitial keratitis, deafness, and notches in the incisor teeth (called Hutchinson's teeth). Some infected infants may appear disease-free at birth, but typical signs of the disease develop in adolescence. Infants are treated with penicillin; all infected infants require an ophthalmic examination. If untreated, the infection may cause deafness, blindness, crippling, or death.

congenital syphilis

Congenital lues, fetal syphilis Neonatology Transplacental infection with Treponema pallidum Clinical Early–hepatomegaly, irritability, FTT, fever, perioral and genital rash–condyloma lata, nasal discharge or snuffles and saddle nose; late–Hutchinson's teeth, saber shins, neurologic impairment, deafness, blindness Lab ↑ liver enzymes, anemia, monocytosis Diagnosis Serologic tests performed at birth may be negative. See Syphilis.

con·gen·i·tal syph·i·lis

(kŏn-jen'i-tăl sif'i-lis)
Syphilis acquired by the fetus in utero, thus present at birth.

congenital syphilis

SYPHILIS acquired by the fetus from the mother during pregnancy and present at birth. Congenital syphilis may feature severe early skin rashes, often occurring in the first 10 weeks of life, bone and cartilage defects, liver and kidney disturbances, damage to the corneas (interstitial keratitis), deafness, peg teeth, saddle-shaped nose and scars at the angles of the mouth. Treatment is with penicillin.

con·gen·i·tal syph·i·lis

(kŏn-jen'i-tăl sif'i-lis)
Syphilis acquired by the fetus in utero, thus present at birth.
References in periodicals archive ?
For all six combinations of years and STDs (3 x 2 = 6), there was no significant relationship between rates of divorce and rates of either gonorrhea or congenital syphilis (see Table 4).
For foundling home officials, the implications of the delay in the appearance of the first symptoms among babies with congenital syphilis were chilling.
To prevent all cases of endemic congenital syphilis.
Since 1989, when the Centers for Disease Control[3] issued syphilis screening guidelines, several case series of congenital syphilis diagnosed after the newborn period have been reported (Table 2).
Congenital syphilis in the Russian Federation: magnitude, determinants, and consequences.
Congenital syphilis is caused by the spirochaete Treponema pallidum and is a relatively uncommon presentation in developed countries today.
Continuing a roughly decade-long decline, the rate of congenital syphilis fell 21%, from 14.
There has recently been a massive increase in the number of reported cases of congenital syphilis in this country.
Women can take the following steps to prevent infections: talk to their health care provider about how they can reduce their risk for infections with viruses such as Zika and congenital syphilis, if they are pregnant or currently planning a pregnancy (2); properly prepare food to avoid illnesses, such as listeriosis (3); protect themselves from insects and animals known to carry diseases, such as Zika and toxoplasmosis (4); and maintain good hygiene to prevent infections, such as cytomegalovirus (5).
This special issue on HIV/AIDS prevention, care and treatment in the Region of the Americas: achievements, challenges and perspectives provides an opportunity to present the current response to HIV/AIDS in the Region with a focus on three main areas: HIV prevention, HIV care and treatment, and the elimination of mother-to-child transmission of HIV and congenital syphilis.
In accordance with the Healthy People 2020 Goals for the nation, this FOA focuses on reducing the proportion of adolescents and young adults with Chlamydia trachomatis infections, reducing Chlamydia rates among females aged 15-44 years, reducing gonorrhea rates, reducing sustained domestic transmission of primary and secondary syphilis, congenital syphilis, GC incidence, and reducing the proportion of young adults with genital herpes infection due to herpes simplex type 2.

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