Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia.
an enlargement of the thyroid gland at birth. It may be caused by a deficiency of enzymes or iodine required for the production of thyroxine.
goiter(goyt'er) [Fr. goitre fr L. guttur, throat]
Enlargement of the thyroid gland . An enlarged thyroid gland may be caused by thyroiditis, benign thyroid nodules, malignancy, iodine deficiency, or any condition that causes hyperfunction or hypofunction of the gland. Synonym: struma See: illustration
A supernumerary goiter.
A goiter that grows rapidly.
An outdated term for multinodular goiter.
A goiter in which there is a great increase of the follicular contents.
A goiter present at birth.
A goiter in which a cyst or cysts are formed, possibly resulting from the degeneration of tissue or liquefaction within an adenoma.
A goiter in which the thyroid tissue is diffuse, in contrast to its nodular form as in adenomatous goiter.
A movable goiter, located either below or above the sternal notch.
Goiter development in certain geographic localities, esp. where the iodine content in food and water is deficient. Goiters are more prevalent in fresh water and lake areas and less so on the seacoast, owing to the lack of iodine in fresh water. The treatment consists of iodine taken orally or in iodized salt.
Goiter associated with exopthalmos, as in Graves ophthalmopathy.Synonym: thyroid cachexia
A goiter with a hyperplastic capsule.
A goiter in which a portion of the thyroid tissue lies within the thoracic cavity.
The abnormal finding of thyroid glandular tissue within the tongue.
A goiter having many circumscribed nodules.
A goiter that contains nodules.
A usually diffuse goiter characterized by multiplication of cells lining the follicles or alveoli. Colloid is usually reduced and the follicular cavities assume various sizes and are often obliterated by the infoldings of their walls. Fibrous tissue may increase markedly. The iodine content of the gland is low.
A goiter surrounding a large blood vessel.
A goiter that develops behind a large blood vessel.
A goiter unaccompanied by constitutional symptoms.
An enlargement of the lower part of the thyroid isthmus.
A goiter that causes shortness of breath owing to pressure.
An exophthalmic goiter or a goiter in which there is an excessive production of the thyroid hormone.
A goiter due to distention of the blood vessels of the thyroid gland.