congenital dislocation of the hip


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Related to congenital dislocation of the hip: Congenital Hip Dysplasia, Developmental dysplasia of the hip

dislocation

 [dis″lo-ka´shun]
displacement of a bone from a joint; called also luxation. The most common ones involve a finger, thumb, shoulder, or hip; less common are those of the mandible, elbow, or knee. Symptoms include loss of motion, temporary paralysis of the joint, pain, swelling, and sometimes shock. Dislocations are usually caused by a blow or fall, although unusual physical effort may also cause one. A few dislocations, especially of the hip, are congenital, usually from a faulty construction of the joint, and are best treated in infancy with a cast and possibly surgery.

A dislocation should be treated as a fracture when first aid is administered. First aid includes checking for a pulse distal to the location and keeping the patient as still as possible. The patient is moved as a whole unit on a long board or a stretcher. As soon as possible the dislocation must be reduced by a surgeon.
Shoulder dislocation.
complete dislocation one in which the surfaces are entirely separated.
compound dislocation one in which the joint communicates with the outside air through a wound.
congenital dislocation of the hip a former name for developmental dysplasia of the hip.
pathologic dislocation one due to disease of the joint or to paralysis of the muscles.
simple dislocation one in which there is no communication with the air through a wound.

congenital dislocation of the hip

A congenital defect of the hip joint, probably caused by multifactorial effects of several abnormal genes.
Synonym: developmental dislocation of the hip; developmental dysplasia of the hip
See also: dislocation

congenital dislocation of the hip

An abnormal relationship, present at birth, of the head of the thigh bone (femur) to the socket (acetabulum) in the pelvis. The condition is commoner in girl babies and requires early treatment if a severe walking defect is to be avoided.
References in periodicals archive ?
Relationship of pain to the radiological anatomy of the hip joint in adults treated for congenital dislocation of the hip as infants: a long-term follow-up of patients treated by three methods.
(1968) Etiology, pathogenesis and possible prevention of congenital dislocation of the hip. Can Med Assoc J 98(20): 933-45.
Femoral shortening and cementless arthroplasty in high congenital dislocation of the hip. J Arthroplasty 2002;17:41-8.
Follow-up study of the early treatment of congenital dislocation of the hip. J Bone Joint Surg Am 1948; 30-A: 428-42.
The term congenital dislocation of the hip dates back to the time of Hippocrates.
What is congenital dislocation of the hip? J Bone & Joint Surgery (Br), 1984; 66-B: 469-70.
Acetabular development after reduction in congenital dislocation of the hip. J Bone Joint Surg Am.
Causes for presentation were varied, but they revolved around seeking medical attention for childhood or adolescent scoliosis, delayed gross motor development in infants or children, congenital dislocation of the hips, chronic hip pain or back pain, club feet, lower limb sensory deficits, respiratory distress at birth, or cardiorespiratory failure in adulthood [1-7].
She did not walk until she was 20 months old after suffering from congenital dislocation of the hips (CDH), a treatable hereditary condition.

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