congenital dislocation of the hip


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Legal, Encyclopedia.
Related to congenital dislocation of the hip: Congenital Hip Dysplasia, Developmental dysplasia of the hip

dislocation

 [dis″lo-ka´shun]
displacement of a bone from a joint; called also luxation. The most common ones involve a finger, thumb, shoulder, or hip; less common are those of the mandible, elbow, or knee. Symptoms include loss of motion, temporary paralysis of the joint, pain, swelling, and sometimes shock. Dislocations are usually caused by a blow or fall, although unusual physical effort may also cause one. A few dislocations, especially of the hip, are congenital, usually from a faulty construction of the joint, and are best treated in infancy with a cast and possibly surgery.

A dislocation should be treated as a fracture when first aid is administered. First aid includes checking for a pulse distal to the location and keeping the patient as still as possible. The patient is moved as a whole unit on a long board or a stretcher. As soon as possible the dislocation must be reduced by a surgeon.
Shoulder dislocation.
complete dislocation one in which the surfaces are entirely separated.
compound dislocation one in which the joint communicates with the outside air through a wound.
congenital dislocation of the hip a former name for developmental dysplasia of the hip.
pathologic dislocation one due to disease of the joint or to paralysis of the muscles.
simple dislocation one in which there is no communication with the air through a wound.

congenital dislocation of the hip (CDH)

an orthopedic defect, present at birth, in which the head of the femur does not articulate with the acetabulum as a result of an abnormal shallowness of the acetabulum. Treatment consists of maintaining continuous abduction of the thigh so that the head of the femur presses into the center of the shallow cavity, causing it to deepen. Also called congenital dysplasia of the hip, congenital subluxation of the hip. See also Frejka splint.

congenital dislocation of the hip

A congenital defect of the hip joint, probably caused by multifactorial effects of several abnormal genes.
Synonym: developmental dislocation of the hip; developmental dysplasia of the hip
See also: dislocation

congenital dislocation of the hip

An abnormal relationship, present at birth, of the head of the thigh bone (femur) to the socket (acetabulum) in the pelvis. The condition is commoner in girl babies and requires early treatment if a severe walking defect is to be avoided.
References in periodicals archive ?
One stage treatment of congenital dislocation of the hip in older children including femoral shortening.
Varus producing derotational subtrochanteric osteotomy in the treatment of congenital dislocation of the hip.
Combined procedure of open reduction and shortening of the femur in treatment of congenital dislocation of the hips in older children.
Relationship of pain to the radiological anatomy of the hip joint in adults treated for congenital dislocation of the hip as infants: a long-term follow-up of patients treated by three methods.
Subtrochanteric valgus-extension osteotomy for neglected congenital dislocation of the hip in young adults.
Femoral shortening and cementless arthroplasty in high congenital dislocation of the hip.
The predictability of acetabular development after closed reduction for congenital dislocation of the hip.
Noritake K, Yoshihashi Y, Hattori T, et al: Acetabular development after closed reduction of congenital dislocation of the hip.
It was the result of congenital dislocation of the hips, an instability of the hip joint which affects about 400 in every 100,000 babies.
Gwenllian was born with Congenital Dislocation of the Hips (CDH)in which the hip bone sits outside the joint.

Full browser ?