congenital disease


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congenital disease

A disease that is present at birth. It may be due to hereditary factors, prenatal infection, injury, or the effect of a drug the mother took during pregnancy.
References in periodicals archive ?
In pediatric patients with congenital diseases such as MDS II, tracheostenosis after tracheostomy is a complication that must be carefully managed.
women with congenital heart disease during the study period matched their pregnant counterparts without congenital disease by their average age, 27, but their risk for peripartum complications or death was far higher, said Dr.
Davies said the new analysis of UNOS data, based on transplantations performed from 1995 to 2008, suggests that adult congenital patients have four times the risk of dying within 30 days of surgery compared with adult heart transplant recipients without congenital disease, independently of whether the latter group have a history of surgery that required sternotomy.
Secondary maternal cytomegalovirus infection--a significant cause of congenital disease. Pediatrics.
Two weeks after being surgically transplanted into either fetal or newborn rats with a congenital disease identical to the rare human myelin disorder Pelizaeus-Merzbacher disease, the laboratory-grown cells had developed into numerous myelin sheaths around nerve fibers previously without myelin.
However, opponents have argued that there are other alternatives for treatment of infertility and congenital disease besides research on human embryos, and that the government proposal gives greater protection to experimental animals than to human embryos.
Borges's eyesight, affected by a congenital disease, deteriorated radically in the 1950s; by 1970 he was almost totally blind and had to rely entirely on dictation for his writing.
In 2009, the Chinese Ministry of Health recommended a scale-up of routine neonatal hearing screening, with a newly launched national plan to integrate the program into the maternal and child health services package as a part of congenital disease screening.
Dr Obaid Al Jasem, head of cardiothoracic surgery at Dubai Hospital, said some cases are complicated as the children have more than one congenital disease and require multiple treatment.
He had a congenital disease producing severe narrowing of the outlet of the aorta, the vessel supplying the full body with oxygen and blood.
Hsu believes the findings contribute to an emerging field involving tissue engineering that uses stem cells and other materials to invent superior ways to replace damaged craniofacial bones in humans due to congenital disease, trauma, or cancer surgery.
"I know from experience the challenges they face, because I cared for and lost my youngest son due to complications from a rare congenital disease called trisomy 13," said Sen.

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