congenital diaphragmatic hernia

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con·gen·i·tal di·a·phrag·mat·ic her·ni·a

1. failure of the left pleuroperitoneal membrane to fuse with the posterior margin of the diaphragm; most commonly occurs on the left side;
2. Synonym(s): retrosternal hernia

con·gen·i·tal di·a·phrag·mat·ic her·ni·a

(kŏn-jen'i-tăl dī'ă-frag-mat'ik hĕr'nē-ă)
Defective development of the pleuroperitoneal membrane (usually on the left) results in a posterolateral defect in the diaphragm and allows the abdominal viscera to protrude into the thorax.
Synonym(s): Bochdalek hernia.

Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH)

A condition in which the fetal diaphragm—the muscle dividing the chest and abdominal cavity—does not close completely.


Vincent A., Czech anatomist, 1801-1883.
Bochdalek duct - thyroglossal duct. Synonym(s): duct of His; duct of Vater; thyrolingual duct
Bochdalek foramen - a congenital defective opening through the diaphragm, connecting pleural and peritoneal cavities. Synonym(s): pleuroperitoneal hiatus
Bochdalek ganglion - a ganglion of the plexus of the dental nerve lying in the maxilla just above the root of the canine tooth.
Bochdalek gap - a triangular area in the diaphragm devoid of muscle fibers. Synonym(s): vertebrocostal trigone
Bochdalek hernia - absence of the pleuroperitoneal membrane (usually on the left) or an enlarged Morgagni foramen which allows protrusion of abdominal viscera into the chest. Synonym(s): congenital diaphragmatic hernia
Bochdalek muscle - an occasional thin band of muscular fibers passing between the root of the tongue and the triticeal cartilage. Synonym(s): musculus triticeoglossus
Bochdalek valve - a fold of mucous membrane in the lacrimal canaliculus at the lacrimal punctum. Synonym(s): Foltz valvule
flower basket of Bochdalek - part of the choroid plexus of the fourth ventricle protruding through Luschka foramen and resting on the dorsal surface of the glossopharyngeal nerve.
References in periodicals archive ?
The fetuses in the FETO group all had severe congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH), which by definition involves liver herniation into the chest cavity.
In high-risk fetuses with congenital diaphragmatic hernia or a large congenital cystic adenomatoid malformation, ex utero intrapartum treatment is used.
CONGENITAL diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) is a term applied to a variety of congenital birth defects that involve abnormal development of the diaphragm.
The lad was born with Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia - a defect that occurs when the diaphragm does not fully form.
Her spokeswoman said yesterday: "Elaine and Pete had been aware from early on in the pregnancy that baby James was suffering from congenital diaphragmatic hernia and that he would need corrective surgery.
Other conditions may be corrected by fetal surgery and require study: left congenital diaphragmatic hernia, congenital cystic adenomatoid malformation, sacrococcygeal teratoma, and urinary tract obstruction.
Other causes include congenital pneumonia or sepsis, meconium aspiration, infant respiratory distress syndrome and congenital diaphragmatic hernia.
Outcomes of Pulmonary Hypertension and the Associations with Predictors of Morbidity in Infants with Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia.
Autum, of Wardley, Gateshead, was born prematurely on October 7 with a hole in the heart and congenital diaphragmatic hernia - a hole in the diaphragm where her stomach organs were in her chest cavity.
Several trials sponsored by the National Institutes of Health are now underway to evaluate some of the most common fetal surgeries, such as those for congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH), twin-to-twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS), and myelomeningocele, also known as spina bifida.
While this program will initially focus on the fetus with congenital heart disease, it will expand in the future to include fetuses with other birth defects, such as congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) and pulmonary hypoplasia.
CDH - Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia - happens when the diaphragm does not fully form.

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