congenital diaphragmatic hernia

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con·gen·i·tal di·a·phrag·mat·ic her·ni·a

1. failure of the left pleuroperitoneal membrane to fuse with the posterior margin of the diaphragm; most commonly occurs on the left side;
2. Synonym(s): retrosternal hernia

con·gen·i·tal di·a·phrag·mat·ic her·ni·a

(kŏn-jen'i-tăl dī'ă-frag-mat'ik hĕr'nē-ă)
Defective development of the pleuroperitoneal membrane (usually on the left) results in a posterolateral defect in the diaphragm and allows the abdominal viscera to protrude into the thorax.
Synonym(s): Bochdalek hernia.

Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH)

A condition in which the fetal diaphragm—the muscle dividing the chest and abdominal cavity—does not close completely.


Vincent A., Czech anatomist, 1801-1883.
Bochdalek duct - thyroglossal duct. Synonym(s): duct of His; duct of Vater; thyrolingual duct
Bochdalek foramen - a congenital defective opening through the diaphragm, connecting pleural and peritoneal cavities. Synonym(s): pleuroperitoneal hiatus
Bochdalek ganglion - a ganglion of the plexus of the dental nerve lying in the maxilla just above the root of the canine tooth.
Bochdalek gap - a triangular area in the diaphragm devoid of muscle fibers. Synonym(s): vertebrocostal trigone
Bochdalek hernia - absence of the pleuroperitoneal membrane (usually on the left) or an enlarged Morgagni foramen which allows protrusion of abdominal viscera into the chest. Synonym(s): congenital diaphragmatic hernia
Bochdalek muscle - an occasional thin band of muscular fibers passing between the root of the tongue and the triticeal cartilage. Synonym(s): musculus triticeoglossus
Bochdalek valve - a fold of mucous membrane in the lacrimal canaliculus at the lacrimal punctum. Synonym(s): Foltz valvule
flower basket of Bochdalek - part of the choroid plexus of the fourth ventricle protruding through Luschka foramen and resting on the dorsal surface of the glossopharyngeal nerve.
References in periodicals archive ?
Morgagni hernias are a rare finding that represent roughly 2% of all congenital diaphragmatic hernias [1].
Delayed presentation of congenital diaphragmatic hernia.
Neurodevelopmental outcomes of congenital diaphragmatic hernia survivors in a multidisciplinary clinic at ages 1 and 3.
Congenital diaphragmatic hernias (CDH) are potentially life-threatening lesions that result from an anatomical defect in the diaphragm that permits abdominal contents to herniate into the thoracic cavity.
An unusual late presentation of a congenital diaphragmatic hernia.
Despite an acceptable spectrum of morbidity associated with laparotomy in the repair of congenital diaphragmatic hernia in neonates on ECLS (7,8), the potential role of diagnostic laparotomy in the unstable, heparinised, ECLS patient with proven or suspected ACS requires careful consideration.
I made it home by half past six, but at ten o'clock that evening I received a call that a child with a prenatal diagnosis of congenital diaphragmatic hernia would soon be delivered, so I headed back to the hospital.
During that time, I have cared for many critically ill infants diagnosed with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH).
Common medical conditions that predispose a child to feeding problems include structural abnormalities, like transesophageal fistula, esophageal atresia, congenital diaphragmatic hernia, or strictures; GI motility problems, including intestinal dysmotility and gastroesophageal reflux; other GI conditions, like food allergy or celiac disease; general medical illnesses, like cancer or cancer therapy, burns, or trauma; and chronic conditions of the lung, heart, or kidneys.

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