congenital cholesteatoma

congenital cholesteatoma

a cholesteatoma arising in the middle ear or elsewhere in the temporal bone. Its origin is not related to otitis media, but it may result in chronic otitis media.
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The search strategy developed based on MeSH terms identified in the scoping search, cholesteatoma, congenital cholesteatoma, acquired cholesteatoma, definition, and classification, yielded 6061 references in Medline.
Usefulness of Computed Tomography Hounsfield Unit Measurement for Diagnosis of Congenital Cholesteatoma.
The patient was diagnosed with an intratympanic membrane congenital cholesteatoma.
INTRODUCTION: Congenital cholesteatoma arises from the embryonic epidermal crest, is a benign Disease with slow progressive growth that destroys neighboring structures, it is considered an epidermal cyst originating from the remnants of squamous keratinized epithelium, the disease may appear in several regions of the temporal bone such as in the middle ear (most frequent site) as well as in the petrous apex, cerebellopontine angle, external acoustic meatus and mastoid process, congenital cholesteatoma of the mastoid process is the rarest form of presentation in the temporal bone, only 2 to 4% of cholesteatoma presenting to pediatric otologist are congenital in origin.
Congenital cholesteatoma (CC) can occur in any part of the temporal bone and the commonest site being in the middle ear, most probably due to its early presentation with conductive hearing loss [1, 2].
Past medical history was remarkable for surgical excision of a congenital cholesteatoma and insertion of transtympanic tubes to correct a conductive hearing loss.
Congenital cholesteatoma is typically an expanding cystic mass with keratinizing squamous epithelium located medial to the intact tympanic membrane, is assumed to be present at birth, but is usually diagnosed during infancy or in early childhood in patients with no prior history of otorrhea, perforation, or previous ear surgery.
CONGENITAL: Cholesteatoma found behind an intact tympanic membrane in a patient with no H/o otitis media is congenital cholesteatoma.
The mass was excised, and the pathology report confirmed the diagnosis of a congenital cholesteatoma.
These authors reported that the mean age of children with congenital cholesteatoma was 5.
9) Yamasoba et al proposed that osteoma may be of a congenital nature, based on their reported case of an osteoma that was seen in conjunction with congenital cholesteatoma.
Otoscopic Clinic: Congenital cholesteatoma in the tympanic membrane
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