congenital cataract

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con·gen·i·tal cat·a·ract

cataract, usually bilateral, present at birth. It occurs as an autosomal recessive condition in Jersey calves. In humans approximately 25% of bilateral congenital cataracts are autosomal dominant [MIM*116200, *116700]; X-linked forms also exist [MIM*302200, *302300]. Most congenital cataracts are sporadic, some the result of prematurity, intrauterine infection, drug-related toxicity, injury, chromosomal, or metabolic disorders.
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congenital cataract

Neonatology Clouding of cornea at birth Etiology Cerebrohepatorenal syndrome, congenital rubella, Conradi-Huhnermann syndrome, Down syndrome, ectodermal dysplasia, galactosemia, Hallerman-Streiff syndrome, Lowe syndrome, Marinesco-Sjögren syndrome, Pierre-Robin syndrome, Sieman syndrome, trisomy 13 Management Cataract removal and insertion of artificial lens. See Cataract.
McGraw-Hill Concise Dictionary of Modern Medicine. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
(2) This test enables early diagnosis of important and treatable sight- and life-threatening diseases such as congenital cataracts and retinoblastoma.
Thirty Micro ophthalmic eyes from seventeen patients having congenital cataract were studied.
Clinical Outcomes of Surgical Techniques in Congenital Cataracts. Korean J Ophthalmology 2008; 22: 87-91.
A published paper [20] showed the influences on visual outcomes in congenital cataract children undergoing secondary IOL implantation are laterality, cataract type, age at initial cataract extraction, compliance to amblyopia therapy, and refractive error.
A novel Cx50 (GJA8) p.H277Y mutation associated with autosomal dominant congenital cataract identified with targeted next-generation sequencing.
One was operated for congenital cataract and the other for traumatic cataract many years back.
The clinical manifestations of the disease include congenital cataracts, facial dysmorphism, primary hypomyelination of peripheral nerves, growth delay, intellectual impairment, and hypogonadism [1, 5].
Glaucoma secondary to pars plana lensectomy for congenital cataract. Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol.
RESULTS: Among 6,422 cases and 59,328 controls that shared at least 1 week of the critical period in summer, a 5-degree increase in mean daily minimum UAT was significantly associated with congenital cataracts (aOR = 1.51; 95% CI: 1.14, 1.99).
Congenital eye malformations were seen in 2.2% which, comprised of congenital cataract (38%), congenital nasolacrimal duct obstruction (10%), congenital glaucoma (9%) and congenital ptosis (8%).10 Our study has 22% frequency of congenital cataract and 20% for anomalies of nasolacrimal apparatus with 98% having nasolacrimal duct obstruction.
Table 2 Braille students distributed according to nosological groups, principal ophthalmic diagnoses, and year of birth (6-year periods) Diagnoses N 60-65 66-71 72-77 78-83 Sequelae to brain disorders Anomaly of the brain 2 1 (unspecified) Brain tumor 8 1 2 Sequelae to brain disorders (unspecified) 13 2 1 4 1 Congenital ocular anomalies Albinism (unspecified) 1 1 Coloboma of uvea 3 Congenital anomaly 2 1 Congenital anophthalmos 9 3 1 1 Congenital cataract (a) 16 5 5 3 Congenital glaucoma 12 3 3 1 1 Congenital maculapathy 1 Congenital nystagmus 1 1 Cong.
Congenital cataract affects about 3/10,000 newborns in India (5) and is the most serious type of childhood cataract because of its potential for inhibiting or restricting early visual development and in India, 7.4-15.3 per cent of childhood blindness is due to cataract (6).

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