alacrima

(redirected from congenital alacrima)

alacrima

 [ah-lak´rĭ-mah]
deficiency or absence of the secretion of tears. It may be inherited as an autosomal dominant trait, or it may occur in association with other disorders or as an isolated congenital defect.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

a·la·cri·ma

(ā-lak'ri-ma), [MIM*601549]
Deficiency of tear secretion.
[G. a- priv. + L. lacrima, tear]
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

alacrima 

Absence of secretion from the lacrimal gland. However, the typical picture is one of reduced tear secretion more correctly termed hypolacrima. It may occur as a result of occlusion of the orifices of the lacrimal gland due to trauma, cicatrization, diseases (e.g. trachoma); it may be congenital (e.g. Riley-Day syndrome) or it may be due to a neurogenic cause (secondary to brain damage) or to a systemic disease (e.g. Sjögren's syndrome). Treatment includes artificial tears, bland ointments, sealed scleral contact lenses and, in very severe cases, tarsorrhaphy. See keratoconjunctivitis sicca.
Millodot: Dictionary of Optometry and Visual Science, 7th edition. © 2009 Butterworth-Heinemann
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