Standard inbred and congenic strain
analyses suggested that lower Mpdz expression and/or certain variations in the amino acid sequence of the encoded MPDZ protein were associated with more severe ethanol withdrawal (Fehr et al.
Animals from the starting congenic strain
are backcrossed to background strain animals to create first-generation offspring (N1), which are then backcrossed to the background strain.
Genes that affect the shape of the murine mandible: congenic strain
The strain's fertility was investigated, according to Kwon-Chung (7), by crossing the isolate with reference serotype A strains H99 (MAT[alpha]) and IUM 96-2828 (MATa), and with serotype D congenic strains
JEC20 (MATa) and JEC21 (MAT[alpha]).
The effects of 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) on the hepatic estrogen and glucocorticoid receptors in congenic strains
of Ah responsive and Ah non-responsive C57BL/6J mice.
Estimates have been made of how much heterozygosity remains in congenic strains
, depending on the number of backcrosses used to produce them.
The AcB/BcA recombinant congenic strains
of mice: strategies for phenotype dissection, mapping and cloning of quantitative trait genes (Anny Fortin, Eduardo Diez, Janet E.