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confound

(kŏn-fownd′) [L. confundere, to confuse, to pour together]
1. To introduce bias into a research study.
2. To confuse, bewilder, or mystify. confounding, n.
References in periodicals archive ?
Did you have a favorite moment in Brains Confounded ?
Reading the overlap between Brains Confounded and Risible Rhymes , is there any similarity between that era and this one, where there is a rising anonymity among meme-creators, and what's important is less the originator of the jokes, but the compilers and list-makers?
So these two works ( Brains Confounded and Risible Rhymes ) may be unique, or they may belong to a larger corpus of mock-rural verse.
Which different sorts of readers do you hope to reach with (or do you think might enjoy) Brains Confounded , vs.
What would you like to see happen next in the discussion in and around Brains Confounded ?
Risible Rhymes beginswith mock country verse — including, as you note, some of the same mock verse as in the much different Brains Confounded .
Government talks about the need for bandwidth, and our research suggests tremendous growth in demand in Europe and Asia, yet the industry is currently confounded by pessimism not helped by a view that there is a bandwidth glut.
But other factors -- including decreased estrogen levels in older women -- also lead to osteoporosis, and this has confounded previous studies looking at the influence of thyroid hormone therapy on bone density.
Conceived and written by Roger Waters, produced by David Gilmour, Bob Ezrin and Roger Waters, it confounded conventional wisdom to reach number one around the world, spawned the multi-platinum single 'Another Brick in the Wall (Part 2)' and introduced Pink Floyd to another generation of fans.
In 1867, Brooklyn Excelsiors' William "Candy" Cummings confounded hitters and skeptics alike with his never-before-seen pitch.
We are surprised and confounded at the commission's decision for additional review.
Organon considers the data on venous thrombosis from these studies to be confounded and not plausible.