* Interpretations, documents, and Extent to which summary of preliminary findings interpretations are the were independently reviewed by at result of the participants least three researchers.
was also attended to in several ways.
is about minimising researcher bias.
The qualities of dependability and confirmability
were met by an audit trail or a running account in our research reflexive journals.
Finally, to enhance the study's confirmability
(Polit & Beck, 2012), all themes were reviewed by at least three project team members.
The quality of the research was supervised through rigorous scientific criteria of credibility, reliance, confirmability
and transferability (29-31).
It includes four components: credibility, transferability, dependability and confirmability
was established by articulating biases and assumptions regarding the data, using direct quotes to support findings, and clearly explaining methodological decisions in memos (Lincoln & Guba, 1985).
can be checked by assessing adequacy of data collection process, sufficiency of records of raw data, description of decision rules, and similarity after applying the rules to the data.
Additionally, dependability and confirmability
were established by keeping records of data and field notes.
refers to the extent that "the data and interpretations of the study are grounded in events rather than the inquirer's personal constructions" (Lincoln & Guba, 1985, p.
To maximize trustworthiness of the data, we evaluated its credibility, transferability, dependability, and confirmability
(Lincoln & Guba, 1985).