condyloma

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Related to condylomas: condylomata acuminata, condylomata

condyloma

 [kon″dĭ-lo´mah] (pl. condylo´mata) (L.)
an elevated wartlike lesion of the skin. adj., adj condylo´matous.
condyloma´ta acumina´ta (sing. condylo´ma acumina´tum) Sexually transmitted venereal papillomatous lesions caused by the human papillomavirus. The incubation period is one to three months. The growths are usually pinkish and occur around the cervix, vulva, perineum, anus and anal canal, urethra, and glans penis. They are often treated with weekly applications of podophyllum resin, 10 to 25 per cent in tincture of benzoin or by application of trichloroacetic acid. Especially resistant warts or extensive involvement may require electrocautery, cryosurgery, or recombinant interferon alfa-2b or alfa-n3. Called also genital or venereal warts. (See Atlas 2, Part H.)
flat condyloma condyloma latum.
giant condyloma Buschke-Löwenstein tumor.
condyloma la´tum a wide, flat, syphilitic condyloma occurring on moist skin, especially around the genitals or anus.

con·dy·lo·ma

, pl.

con·dy·lo·ma·ta

(kon'di-lō'mă, -mah'tă),
A wartlike excrescence at the anus or vulva, or on the glans penis.
[G. kondylōma, a knob]

condyloma

(kŏn′dl-ō′mə)
n. pl. condylo·mas or condylo·mata (-mə-tə)
A wartlike growth on the skin or mucous membrane, usually in the area of the anus or the external genital organs.

con′dy·lo′ma·tous (-mə-təs) adj.

con·dy·lo·ma

, pl. condylomata (kon-di-lō'mă, -lō'mă-tă)
A wartlike excrescence on the skin of the genitals, perineum, or anus, usually sexually transmitted.
[G. kondylōma, a knob]

condyloma

(kon?di-lo'ma) ('ma-ta) plural.condylomasplural.condylomata [Gr. kondyloma, wart]
A wart, found on the genitals or near the anus, with a textured surface that may resemble coral, cauliflower, or cobblestone. condylomatous ('mat-us), adjective
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CONDYLOMA (PERIANAL WARTS)

condyloma acuminatum

A wart, typically found on the genitals, the perineum, the anus, or the mucosal surfaces of the vagina or mouth, usually spread by sexual contact. It is caused by various types of human papilloma virus and may be spread by physical contact with an area containing a wart. The spread of a wart from one labium to the other by autoinoculation is possible. The virus that causes the wart is usually transmitted sexually. Synonym: genital wart

Treatment

Topically applied liquid nitrogen, imiquimod cream, fluorouracil, or podophyllin may prove effective; multiple treatments are usually needed, including occasionally surgery, electrosurgery, or laser ablation. Extremely large lesions (Buschke-Lowenstein tumor) may need radical excision.

illustration

condyloma latum

A mucous patch, characteristic of syphilis, most often on the vulva or anus. It is flat, coated with gray exudate and has a delimited area.
Synonym: moist papule
References in periodicals archive ?
The incidence of condyloma acuminatum (genital wart) is highest among young adults, (1) but has declined since the introduction of human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccines.
The differential diagnosis was for condyloma acuminatum versus urothelial hyperplasia and the pathology was sent to Stanford University for consultation read.
(2) Genital HPV infection is very common in men (3) and infections may progress to external genital lesions (EGLs), mostly condylomata acuminata (genital warts or condyloma) and penile intraepithelial neoplasia (PeIN) that are thought to precede penile cancer.
KEY WORDS: Condyloma accuminatum Oral condyloma Genital condyloma HPV.
Condyloma acuminatum is caused by HPV that is usually transmitted through sexual or skin-to-skin contact.
However, HAART use and CD4 counts did not have a significant impact on incidence, so while HAART is effective in reducing condylomas and CIN, "we're not seeing the same dramatic impact of HAART on VIN incidence, in the studies that have been reported."
(3) Typical histologic changes of condylomas and cervical dysplasia have been induced by HPV type 11 infection of human cervical cells grafted beneath the renal capsule of nude mice.
(15) The vast majority of exophytic condylomas appear to be induced by HPV 6 or 11 (16) and HPV 6 (65%) seems to be prevalent than HPV 11(21%).
In the anus, viral identification can aid in the differentiation between low-grade HPV-driven tumors (condylomas, lowgrade squamous intraepithelial lesion) and other benign squamous proliferations that may occur at this location.
HPV types associated with malignancies are referred to as high-risk types, and those associated with warts (condylomas) are rarely found in cancers and are called low-risk types.
Krebs HB: The use of topical 5-fluorouracil in the treatment of genital condylomas. Obstet Gynecol Clin North Am 1987; 14:559-568