displacement between centric relation and maximum intercuspation in symptomatic and asymptomatic individuals.
asymmetry in bilateral posterior crossbite patients.
Gonial angles and condylar
and ramus height of the mandible in complete denture wearers-a panoramic radiograph study.
Thomas, "Significance of condylar
positions in patients with temporomandibular disorders," Journal of the American Dental Association, vol.
Bobat, "Total Alloplastic Joint Reconstruction in a Patient With Temporomandibular Joint Ankylosis Following Condylar
Dislocation Into the Middle Cranial Fossa," Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, vol.
Loss of left posterior facial height was also observed secondary to condylar
Measurements of condylar
movements were done using an ultrasound jaw tracking device with six degrees of freedom (Arcus Digma II, Kavo, Biberach, Germany).
However, on continued long term follow-up, patients were found to develop pain, malocclusion, condylar
resorption and a foreign body giant cell reaction (15, 16).
At the experimental time interval of 30 days, Groups C and E (Figures 5E and F) were shown to be close with regard to the behavior of condylar
cartilage, however, there was a small increase in the proliferative layer in Group E (close to 12% more than in Group C) (Table 1).
The lateral femoral condylar
notch was measured on the lateral view [Figure 1].
Based on previous research [18, 19], the horizontal condylar
angle (HCA), coronal condylar
angle (CCA), sagittal ramus angle (SRA), coronal condylar
width (CCW), medial joint space (MJS), lateral joint space (LJS), superior joint space (SJS), anterior joint space (AJS), and posterior joint space (PJS) were selected to investigate the morphology of TMJ.