conditioned response

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Related to conditioned responses: Conditioned stimuli

conditioned response

 [kun-dish´und]
a response that does not occur naturally in the animal but that may be developed by regular association of some physiologic function with an unrelated outside event, such as ringing of a bell or flashing of a light. Soon the physiological function starts whenever the outside event occurs. Called also conditioned reflex. See also conditioning.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

con·di·tion·ing

(kon-di'shŭn-ing),
1. The process of acquiring, developing, educating, establishing, learning, or training new responses in an individual. Used to describe both respondent and operant behavior; in both usages, refers to a change in the frequency or form of behavior as a result of the influence of the environment.
2. The application of a structured training program to prepare cardiovascular, muscular, and psychological readiness in human, canine, and equine athletes for competition or strenuous events.

con·di·tioned re·flex (CR),

a reflex that is gradually developed by training and association through the frequent repetition of a definite stimulus. See: conditioning.
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

conditioned response

n. Psychology
A new or modified response elicited by a stimulus after conditioning. Also called conditioned reflex.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

con·di·tioned re·sponse

(kŏn-dish'ŭnd rĕ-spons')
A response already in a person's repertoire but through repeated pairings with its natural stimulus, has been acquired or conditioned anew to a previously neutral or conditioned stimulus.
See: conditioning
Compare: unconditioned response
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
Those stimuli could control strong conditioned responses in anticipation of the large reward.
Effects of cTBS on Retention of Conditioned Responses. An interesting question is why in both the previous studies by Monaco and colleagues [17] and Hoffland and coworkers [16] there was no decrease in retention of CR one week after cerebellar cTBS.
Similarly, in simple classical conditioning situations in which the conditioned stimulus (CS) is paired with the unconditioned stimulus (US) leading to the conditioned response (CR), binary CS-US associations seem to be the most commonly established (e.g., Colwill & Motzkin, 1994; Paredes-Olay, Abad, Gamez, & Rosas, 2002; Rescorla, 1973).
Abbreviations: ANS = autonomic nervous system, CBT = cognitive behavioral therapy, CIMT = constraint-induced movement therapy, CR = conditioned response, PNS = parasympathetic nervous system, PTSD = posttraumatic stress disorder, REM = rapid eye movement, SNS = sympathetic nervous system, TBI = traumatic brain injury.
The case of change in novel situations is obvious in that individuals must do something 'different' when they encounter circumstances for which they have no conditioned response. First, something different may involve reproducing an 'old' conditioned response in an unfamiliar setting.
This may serve to extinguish these responses, thereby effectively training a new conditioned response to NA (Breslin, Zack & McMain 2002; Linehan 1993).
Reflecting a revival of a trend in cognitive behavioral psychology, schema-focused approaches for treating psychological problems regard maladaptive cognitive schemas as underlying automatic thoughts and conditioned responses. Riso (American School of Professional Psychology, Argosy U./ Washington, DC) introduces nine chapters by international contributors applying the schema- based model to specific disorders and couples' therapy.
Strictly applied behaviourist training techniques do not allow for the relevance of thoughts, feelings or motives in the learning process, treating learning as merely a series of conditioned responses.
Therefore, bodily sensations become conditioned responses triggered by high levels of private stimulation generated by anxiety and fear.
Bryostatin administered with random, suboptimal training regimes (fewer than nine CS/US repetitions) also did not generate any conditioned responses (CR).
These regions are called prestimulus regions, and, of course, are the ones where the conditioned responses are expected.
The Italian and US scientists, led by Roberto Ciccocioppo, from the University of Camerino, wrote in the journal Nature Neuroscience: 'Our results suggest that conditioned responses to drug-related stimuli not only facilitate relapse, but could also contribute to the transition from initial drug use to addiction.