While the previous paths were solely based on the EU conditionality
, the 'consolidation' path entails the strengthening and deepening of anti-corruption measures after the enlargement.
The second line of argumentation relates to the mode of action of conditionality
might include ex ante (tied to policy), ex post (tied to outcome), human rights awards, or no-responsibility grants (like a goodwill gift for doing something right).
Research from Leeds University last year, which surveyed employers in the UK and Denmark, found that they "felt that benefit conditionality
could 'tarnish' candidates and were dissatisfied about receiving large numbers of job applications as a result of conditionality
and entitlement conditions, particularly in the UK".
"So, I think we do need to make sure that there's some conditionality
The United States alternated use of inducements and conditionality
across three different administrations, but important reforms and policy changes only occurred when strict conditions were attached to aid.
Therefore there's nothing to do with the implementation of a conditionality
[that is] human rights based, just to be clear,' he said.
The Foreign Office Spokesperson said New Delhi continues to impose conditionality
for every Pakistani patient to have a reference letter from the Foreign Minister.
for OPTS membership as stipulated in the OPTS governance document have guided the screening and the ultimate selection of eligible applicants.
Its major instrument, conditionality
, sometimes works more efficiently, sometimes less.
Particular attention is paid to more indirect mechanisms, such as competition and emulation, which the Europeanization literature with its focus on conditionality
and assistance has overlooked so far.
In other words, as matters stood when negotiations restarted on March 16, 2013 there was no law in force -- either in the EU or Cyprus -- authorising the deprivation of savings by the government to satisfy the conditionality
required of it for the grant of financial assistance from euro zone countries under the ESM Treaty as detailed by the Commission and the ECB.