# conditional probability

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## con·di·tion·al prob·a·bil·i·ty

a probability quoted when the range of choices admitted is restricted, that is, conditional; thus, the probability of the child of a color-blind man inheriting the gene is 1/2 if the child is female and almost 0 if the child is male.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Normally, the conditional probability of errors is modeled by a two-sided geometric distribution centered at zero with only one parameter called exponential decay [lambda] .
Positive conditional probability is a close second to the preferred analysis.
Meanwhile, the goal of the copula-based analysis of precipitation and SPEI is to obtain the conditional probability distributions of meteorological drought given different precipitation conditions.
In the above definition, p([x.sub.i] | pa([x.sub.i])) expresses the conditional probability of pa([x.sub.i]).
The value of m/N can be considered to be the conditional probability of the dam overtopping (or, alternatively, the dam break) due to flooding.
1: Across all disability categories, students with disabilities had the highest conditional probability of graduation 4 years after high school entry.
Since expert opinion nodes were input nodes, there was no need to enter CPT (Conditional probability table) values.
The network has two components: (1) a DAG G = ([R.sub.n], [M.sub.r]) that represents the structural arrangement of a set of variables (nodes) [R.sub.n] = ([x.sub.1], ..., [x.sub.n]} and a corresponding set of dependence and independence assertions (arcs) [M.sub.r] between the variables; (2) a set of conditional probability distributions P = {[p.sub.i], ..., [p.sub.n]} between the parent and the child nodes in the graph.
Knowing "a priori" probability of x and the conditional probability P([y.sub.1]|x), is possible to calculate the probability of y1 by the total probability theorem, as shown in (3):
Out of the hundreds of people I've played this game with, only two switched their cards after calculating the conditional probability. Both ended up working for me.
To measure any given candidate's electability, in statistical terms, we want to find the conditional probability of the candidate winning the general election if they won the nomination [P(Win General Election | Win Nomination)].
This problem illustrates the calculation of conditional probability, which arises in Year 10 of the Australian Curriculum.

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