Over the next year, Seneca performed three sets of emission tests using more advanced EPA methods than were contemplated when the permit was issued to prove that what looked like elevated condensable
emissions were actually false positives attributable to defects in the old test methods.
(2.) ASTM E 595-93, Standard Test Method for Total Mass Loss and Collected Volatile Condensable
Materials from Outgas-sing in a Vacuum Environment.
Impacts on EER* and SEER* for non-TXV and Hot Attic Conditions Description [EER*.sub.A] [EER*.sub.A] [EER*.sub.A] [kW*.sub.A] Capacity Impact % (kBtuh) Baseline 31,050 9.42 NA 3.30 0.3% 27,373 7.71 -18.2% 3.55 non-condensable ~1% 20,486 5.87 -37.7% 4.01 non-condensable Description [kW.sub.A] SEER* SEER* Test Impact % Impact ID % Baseline NA 8.86 NA 189-4 0.3% +7.6% 7.22 -18.5% 501 non-condensable ~1% +21.6% 501X non-condensable Refrigerant Restriction Tests
As expected, the more condensable
gases exhibited higher solubility.
The total pressure in the system should also be as high as possible during this process to give the condensable
stuff as much chance as possible to escape.
The planet's deep blue-green atmosphere is thick with hydrogen, helium and methane, Uranus's primary condensable
Compounds that are gases in the stack but condense to form submicron particles in the atmosphere and can be measured using standard stack test methods for condensable
particulate matter (CPM).
Pyrolysis converts organics such as biomass into three phases: solid (char), liquid (tars, condensable
vapors, etc.), and gas by heating in the absence of oxygen (Wampler 2006).
When a vacuum pump is required to handle high fluid flows and condensable
vapours, a liquid ring pump is often the best choice.
For the same groups of resin-based matrix, the water sorption may also depend on the material's filler content.4,14 Glacier is a so-called "condensable
" material with the greatest proportion of fillers (62% by volume), and Wave is a flowable composite with the smallest proportion of fillers (50% by volume), the proportions being inversely related to their water sorption find- ings.
The test's full title is "A Standard Test Method for Total Mass Loss and Collected Volatile Condensable
Materials from Outgassing in a Vacuum Environment".
For process-type applications where there are high throughputs of gases with significant condensable
by-products, Steele recommends the use of magnetically-levitated turbopumps that can handle corrosive gases or vapors.