compulsion

(redirected from compulsions)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Legal, Encyclopedia.

compulsion

 [kom-pul´shun]
1. a recurrent, unwanted, and distressing (ego-dystonic) urge to perform an act.
2. a compulsive act or ritual; a repetitive and stereotyped action that is performed to ward off some untoward event, although the patient recognizes that it does not do so in any realistic way. It serves as a defensive substitute for unacceptable unconscious ideas or impulses. Failure to perform the compulsive act gives rise to anxiety and tension. Common compulsions involve hand-washing, touching, counting, and checking. adj., adj compul´sive. See also obsessive-compulsive.
repetition compulsion in psychoanalytic theory, the impulse to reenact earlier emotional experiences.

com·pul·sion

(kom-pŭl'shŭn),
Uncontrollable thoughts or impulses to perform an act, often repetitively, as an unconscious mechanism to avoid unacceptable ideas and desires that, by themselves, arouse anxiety; the anxiety becomes fully manifest if performance of the compulsive act is prevented; may be associated with obsessive thoughts.
[L. com-pello pp. -pulsus, to drive together, compel]

compulsion

/com·pul·sion/ (kom-pul´shun)
1. an overwhelming urge to perform an irrational act or ritual.
2. the repetitive or stereotyped action that is the object of such an urge.compul´sive

repetition compulsion  in psychoanalytic theory, the impulse to reenact earlier emotional experiences or traumatic behavior.

compulsion

(kəm-pŭl′shən)
n.
An uncontrollable impulse to perform an act, often repetitively, as an unconscious mechanism to avoid unacceptable ideas and desires which arouse anxiety.

compulsion

Etymology: L, compellere, to urge
an irresistible, repetitive irrational impulse to perform an act that is usually contrary to one's ordinary judgments or standards, yet results in overt anxiety if it is not completed. The compulsion also acts to decrease anxiety. The impulse is usually the result of an obsession. Compulsions are characteristic of an obsessive-compulsive disorder. Compare phobia. See also compulsive ritual, obsession, obsessive-compulsive disorder.

compulsion

Psychiatry A behavior or mental act which is repetitive–eg, handwashing, double-checking, or mental–eg, repeating words silently, which a person feels compelled to perform in response to an obsession, or according to rules that must be applied strictly or behaviors or mental acts aimed at preventing or ↓ distress or preventing some dreaded event or situation, which are not realistically connected with what they are intended to neutralize or prevent, or behaviors that are clearly excessive. See Repetition compulsion. Cf Obsession, Obsessive-compulsive disorder, Obsessive-compulsive personality disorder.

com·pul·sion

(kŏm-pŭl'shŭn)
Uncontrollable impulses to perform an act, often repetitively, as an unconscious mechanism to avoid unacceptable ideas and desires which, by themselves, arouse anxiety; the anxiety becomes fully manifest if performance of the compulsive act is prevented; may be associated with obsessive thoughts.
[L. com-pello pp. -pulsus, to drive together, compel]

compulsion

1 An irresistible, or near-irresistible, impulse to perform an action, even if irrational or against the interests of the actor.
2 An act performed in response to such an impulse. See also COMPULSIVE BEHAVIOUR.

Compulsion

A repetitive or ritualistic behavior that a person performs to reduce anxiety. Compulsions often develop as a way of controlling or "undoing" obsessive thoughts.

com·pul·sion

(kŏm-pŭl'shŭn)
Uncontrollable thoughts or impulses to perform an act, often repetitively, as an unconscious mechanism to avoid unacceptable ideas and desires that, by themselves, arouse anxiety.
[L. com-pello pp. -pulsus, to drive together, compel]

compulsion (kəmpul´shən),

n a repetitive, stereotyped, and often trivial motor action, the performance of which is compelled even though the person does not wish to perform the act. Oral habits such as bruxism and clenching may become compulsions.

Patient discussion about compulsion

Q. Relation between bipolar & obsessive compulsive disorder. Is there any relation between bipolar and obsessive compulsive disorder? I ask you this because I have many answers so I have to choose one. Sorry I can’t post all which I know. Excuse me!

A. i know there is a condition called Bipolar OCD... so i don't understand the question if there's any connection... and as F3_4u mentioned - it is a common believe that OCD is a problem in serotonin secretion, the neurotransmitter that activate the "reward" feeling and stops the "seeking" system in our brain. and one of the genes that is connected to Bipolar disorder is also the serotonin gene. so there is a connection.

Q. What Is OCD? I have heard the term OCD on T.V and wanted to find out- what exactly is this syndrome?

A. OCD is a psychiatric disorder in which a person experiences obesessive thoughts and compulsions to do a ritual in order to "calm" these thoughts down. Obsessions can be recurrent and persistent thoughts, impulses, or images that are experienced at some time during the disturbance. They are inappropriate and cause marked anxiety. Compulsions are defined by repetitive behaviors or mental acts that the person feels driven to perform in response to an obsession, or according to rules that must be applied rigidly. This disorder should be diagnosed only by a doctor.

More discussions about compulsion
References in periodicals archive ?
The main features of compulsions are that they are repetitive and stereotyped actions that the person feels forced to perform," she explains.
Deep brain stimulation has helped many regain a normal quality of life without these uncontrollable compulsions.
The premise of Life Under Compulsion is quite simple, and the title gives us a clue to the book's main argument.
The most prevalent thoughts women reported in the study were concern about dirt or germs followed by compulsions to check that they did not "make a mistake," Miller said.
But although drinking gave him temporary release from his compulsions, this discovery also led to another evil - alcoholism.
But Wright did not use these factual materials in a mainly literal way as Meyer Levin did in Compulsion, a roman a clef mirroring historical reality and using lightly disguised actual people in its cast of characters.
Obsessions are thoughts, ideas or images that persist in the mind, while compulsions are mental acts or behaviours that are carried out repeatedly.
These obsessions and compulsions are often embarrassing and hidden from parents.
Certain types of obsessions and/or compulsions are most commonly seen in patients with tic-related OCD (OCD comorbid with Tourette's syndrome).
McGregor, delivering one of his strongest acting performances, displays the raw sexuality and easy charm that would attract seemingly every woman in Glasgow, while nailing the self-loathing that fuels Joe's compulsions.
The creatures in her life range from a suicidal goldfish to human beings who suffer from preposterous compulsions and whacky phobias.
Kelley danced a memorable interpretation of an artist lost in his fantasies and erotic compulsions.