compulsion

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compulsion

 [kom-pul´shun]
1. a recurrent, unwanted, and distressing (ego-dystonic) urge to perform an act.
2. a compulsive act or ritual; a repetitive and stereotyped action that is performed to ward off some untoward event, although the patient recognizes that it does not do so in any realistic way. It serves as a defensive substitute for unacceptable unconscious ideas or impulses. Failure to perform the compulsive act gives rise to anxiety and tension. Common compulsions involve hand-washing, touching, counting, and checking. adj., adj compul´sive. See also obsessive-compulsive.
repetition compulsion in psychoanalytic theory, the impulse to reenact earlier emotional experiences.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

com·pul·sion

(kom-pŭl'shŭn),
Uncontrollable thoughts or impulses to perform an act, often repetitively, as an unconscious mechanism to avoid unacceptable ideas and desires that, by themselves, arouse anxiety; the anxiety becomes fully manifest if performance of the compulsive act is prevented; may be associated with obsessive thoughts.
[L. com-pello pp. -pulsus, to drive together, compel]
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

compulsion

(kəm-pŭl′shən)
n.
An uncontrollable impulse to perform an act, often repetitively, as an unconscious mechanism to avoid unacceptable ideas and desires which arouse anxiety.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

compulsion

Psychiatry A behavior or mental act which is repetitive–eg, handwashing, double-checking, or mental–eg, repeating words silently, which a person feels compelled to perform in response to an obsession, or according to rules that must be applied strictly or behaviors or mental acts aimed at preventing or ↓ distress or preventing some dreaded event or situation, which are not realistically connected with what they are intended to neutralize or prevent, or behaviors that are clearly excessive. See Repetition compulsion. Cf Obsession, Obsessive-compulsive disorder, Obsessive-compulsive personality disorder.
McGraw-Hill Concise Dictionary of Modern Medicine. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

com·pul·sion

(kŏm-pŭl'shŭn)
Uncontrollable impulses to perform an act, often repetitively, as an unconscious mechanism to avoid unacceptable ideas and desires which, by themselves, arouse anxiety; the anxiety becomes fully manifest if performance of the compulsive act is prevented; may be associated with obsessive thoughts.
[L. com-pello pp. -pulsus, to drive together, compel]
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012

compulsion

1 An irresistible, or near-irresistible, impulse to perform an action, even if irrational or against the interests of the actor.
2 An act performed in response to such an impulse. See also COMPULSIVE BEHAVIOUR.
Collins Dictionary of Medicine © Robert M. Youngson 2004, 2005

Compulsion

A repetitive or ritualistic behavior that a person performs to reduce anxiety. Compulsions often develop as a way of controlling or "undoing" obsessive thoughts.
Gale Encyclopedia of Medicine. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

com·pul·sion

(kŏm-pŭl'shŭn)
Uncontrollable thoughts or impulses to perform an act, often repetitively, as an unconscious mechanism to avoid unacceptable ideas and desires that, by themselves, arouse anxiety.
[L. com-pello pp. -pulsus, to drive together, compel]
Medical Dictionary for the Dental Professions © Farlex 2012

Patient discussion about compulsion

Q. Relation between bipolar & obsessive compulsive disorder. Is there any relation between bipolar and obsessive compulsive disorder? I ask you this because I have many answers so I have to choose one. Sorry I can’t post all which I know. Excuse me!

A. i know there is a condition called Bipolar OCD... so i don't understand the question if there's any connection... and as F3_4u mentioned - it is a common believe that OCD is a problem in serotonin secretion, the neurotransmitter that activate the "reward" feeling and stops the "seeking" system in our brain. and one of the genes that is connected to Bipolar disorder is also the serotonin gene. so there is a connection.

Q. What Is OCD? I have heard the term OCD on T.V and wanted to find out- what exactly is this syndrome?

A. OCD is a psychiatric disorder in which a person experiences obesessive thoughts and compulsions to do a ritual in order to "calm" these thoughts down. Obsessions can be recurrent and persistent thoughts, impulses, or images that are experienced at some time during the disturbance. They are inappropriate and cause marked anxiety. Compulsions are defined by repetitive behaviors or mental acts that the person feels driven to perform in response to an obsession, or according to rules that must be applied rigidly. This disorder should be diagnosed only by a doctor.

More discussions about compulsion
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References in periodicals archive ?
Screen women who present with postpartum anxiety or depression for obsessions and compulsions by using questions based on DSM-5 criteria, (2) such as:
The cost of patronage politics described above is a direct result of their occupational and their social class compulsions.
Common compulsions include excessive cleaning, checking, repeatedly touching, counting, arranging and ordering, hoarding, ritualistic behaviours that lessen the chances of provoking an obsession (for example, putting all sharp objects out of sight).
Deep brain stimulation has helped many regain a normal quality of life without these uncontrollable compulsions. For more on OCD, check out the video by Life Noggin.
In its positive dimension, Life Under Compulsion is an invitation into the world of sanity, the rich perennial wisdom of Western thought about what it means to be human.
On one occasion in childhood the compulsions nearly cost McConnel his life by contributing to a devastating moped accident.
Leopold ultimately saw the reforming of criminal behavior as a function of "emotional maturing, of growing up" (198), reinforcing Darrow's belief that he and Loeb would merit parole when they reached their forties and had therefore outgrown their criminal compulsions.
Obsessions are thoughts, ideas or images that persist in the mind, while compulsions are mental acts or behaviours that are carried out repeatedly.
These obsessions and compulsions are often embarrassing and hidden from parents.
Fussell is rich, handsome, and a complete mess, ensnarled in a web of compulsions that have him doing everything from starching his argyle socks to speaking backwards.
Children and adolescents with OCD are more likely to have multiple obsessions and compulsions. In addition, they usually don't have any insight into their symptoms.
The creatures in her life range from a suicidal goldfish to human beings who suffer from preposterous compulsions and whacky phobias.