compression-ventilation ratio

compression-ventilation ratio

In emergency cardiac care, the number of times a rescuer forcibly depresses the chest of a victim of cardiac arrest for each administered breath.

Patient care

The American Heart Association (2010) suggests a ratio of 30 chest compressions followed by 2 ventilations for an adult for each cycle of cardiopulmonary resuscitation. The same ratio is used for infants and children when a single rescuer is working alone. Two rescuers working together with an infant or child should use a ratio of 15:2. The breaths and compressions do not need to be synchronized. The breaths and compressions do not need to be synchronized.

References in periodicals archive ?
Stockman, "The effect on quality of chest compressions and exhaustion of a compression-ventilation ratio of 30: 2 versus 15: 2 during cardiopulmonary resuscitation--a randomised trial," Resuscitation, vol.
Ewy, "Survival and neurologic outcome after cardiopulmonary resuscitation with four different chest compression-ventilation ratios," Annals of Emergency Medicine, vol.
Compression-Ventilation Ratio for Infants and Children The compression-to-ventilation ratio of 30:2, for the lone rescuer, and 15:2, for two healthcare providers, is the same as the previous 2005 Guidelines.
In accordance with the latest symposium, the AHA recently revised its guidelines regarding the compression-ventilation ratio for lone rescuers providing chest compressions.
In the hands of a lone rescuer, regardless of whether it is a layperson or a health care provider, children of all ages (excluding newborns) should be treated using a 30:2 compression-ventilation ratio, said Dr.
Adults: the compression-ventilation ratio (CV ratio) should be 30:2 (for five cycles or two minutes), for both single person rescue and two person rescue.
Thus, a universal compression-ventilation ratio of 30:2 for all lone rescuers (lay or trained) of victims of any age (excluding newborns) is recommended.
A chest compression rate of 100 per minute is recommended for all victims aged 8 and older, and a compression-ventilation ratio of 15:2 is recommended for both one- and two-rescuer situations.