compression plating


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Legal, Encyclopedia.

com·pres·sion plat·ing

a technique for internal fixation using a compression plate.

compression

1. the act of pressing upon or together; the state of being pressed together. A specific example is compression plating in fracture repair.
2. in embryology, the shortening or omission of certain developmental stages.
3. see data compression.
Enlarge picture
Compression screws used in fracture repair in horses. By permission from Hinchcliff KW, Kaneps AJ, Equine Sports Medicine and Surgery, Saunders, 2004

compression band
pulled tightly across an animal on an x-ray table to reduce thickness, restrict respiratory movement and restrain the patient. Both ends of the band are fixed to the table and there is a mechanism for tightening it. May be used to apply pressure to an organ such as the urinary bladder to impede filling with excreted dye, but in other applications has the disadvantage of distorting organs and their disposition.
compression/distraction methods
a stress-radiographic method of positioning dogs for the assessment of hip laxity for the diagnosis of hip dysplasia. One radiograph is taken with the femoral heads compressed into the acetabula. The other position is with maximal lateral displacement of the femoral heads using a special device for leverage.
hourglass compression
in wobbler syndrome of Great Dane dogs, characteristic compression of the cervical spinal cord caused by hypertrophy of the annulus fibrosus, hypertrophy of the ligamentum flavum and degenerative disease of articular facets.
compression plating
an internal fixation method of treating fractures by the application of plates across the fracture lines and fixing them in place with specially designed screws. The objective is to provide extreme stability of the fracture. Properly designed plates of the correct size for the patient and the use of screws with maximum holding power make the system independent of any additional form of support.
compression plating device
a device that is connected to an already fixed end of a compression plate and then connected to the other bone fragment so as to obtain as complete compression as possible. Not commonly used when modern dynamic compression plates are utilized.
spinal cord compression
compression of the cord by a space-occupying lesion in the vertebral canal causes an upper motor neuron syndrome below and a lower motor neuron syndrome at the site of the lesion.
References in periodicals archive ?
The Acumed precontoured clavicle plate is a breakthrough in the evolution of compression plating of the clavicle.
The CLAW([R]) II Polyaxial Compression Plating system and other foot and ankle product solutions will be on display at Wright's exhibit booth (#253) from February 29 to March 3 at the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons (ACFAS) 2012 Annual Meeting taking place at the Henry B.
In the present study, 30 patients with diaphyseal fracture of humerus were surgically managed with locking compression plating and the results conclude that locking compression plating is the superior method of surgical management of diaphyseal fractures of humerus.
With limited contact dynamic compression plating, sound internal fixation excludes the necessity for any external support or immobilization.
Open reduction internal with dynamic compression plating and closed or open intramedullary nailing using IM nails randomly.
Gotfried Y: Percutaneous compression plating for intertrochanteric hip fractures: Treatment rationale.
K; Gupta R and Kalra, M: Fixation of forearm fractures--Comparasion of intramedullary nailing and dynamic Compression Plating Indian Journal of orthopedics, Vol.
The unsatisfactory results for limited contact dynamic compression plating and semitubular plating are related to the degree of injury sustained, type of fracture, periosteum stripping, evacuation of fracture haematoma.
Orthopaedic surgeons experience with locking compression plating technique will find the locking compression plate a useful technique, but requires attention to prevent complications.
Also unlike compression plating, intramedullary devices are stress sharing rather than stress shielding, which leads to peripheral periosteal callus that may facilitate the stronger fracture union.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a study of surgical management of humeral shaft fractures treated with open reduction and internal fixation with dynamic compression plating which were conducted in the Department of Orthopedics at Government General Hospital, Kurnool over two years from October 2012 to September 2014.
The Limited contact dynamic compression plating (LC-DCP) was developed in the mid 1980's on the premise that Dynamic compression plate caused damage to the cortical blood supply of the bone due to its greater bone-plate interface.