auditory processing disorder

(redirected from comprehension deficit)

auditory processing disorder

A generic term for a condition caused by ear infections and head trauma characterised by difficulty in processing of auditory information in the CNS.

Auditory processing disorders—difficulties in:
• Sound localisation and lateralisation;
• Auditory discrimination;
• Auditory pattern recognition;
• Temporal aspects of audition, including
    — Temporal integration,
    — Temporal discrimination (e.g., temporal gap detection),
    — Temporal ordering and temporal masking;
• Auditory performance in competing acoustic signals (including dichotic listening);
• Auditory performance with degraded acoustic signals.

au·di·to·ry pro·ces·sing dis·or·der

(APD) (aw'di-tōr-ē pros'es-sing dis-ōr'dĕr)
Impaired ability to attend to or comprehend auditory information despite normal hearing and intellect; a type of receptive language disorder.
References in periodicals archive ?
Is there a Grammatical Comprehension Deficit in Multidomain Mild Cognitive Impairment?
Patients were excluded ff they had any other significant medical illness that would threaten survival or recovery from a stroke, severe comprehension deficit that precluded a verbal interview, history of head injury, or history of brain injury or disease other than a prior stroke.
Other common names are auditory perception problem, auditory comprehension deficit, central auditory dysfunction, central deafness, and so-called "word deafness.
They allow students to identify comprehension deficits more immediately and they also invite students to invest more time in planning their use of strategies and this improves their learning (Saunders & Goldenberg, 2019; Hattie, 2012).
The loss of a reading habit among children is usually caused by a lack of interest in books and by frustrating reading experiences springing from comprehension deficits.
The use of a listening comprehension test emerges as a diagnostic measure from which it is possible to verify if reading comprehension deficits are due to problems in the decoding abilities or to general language-processing problems (Nation, 2005).
The term mixed PPA was proposed for those patients who do not fit one of the major subtypes and who mainly display both non-fluency and sentence comprehension deficits as we have documented in our patient (6,7).
The implication of these findings is that knowledge and motivation related to nutrition play a larger role in later life by compensating for age-related declines in the mechanics of processing that underlie comprehension deficits.
These findings mirror similar, albeit more comprehensive, reports from the US which have shown specific comprehension deficits for students from marginalised backgrounds (Snow & Biancarosa, 2003).
Thus, according to the authors, about two thirds of the poor readers had comprehension deficits, and 64% also had word-level deficits.
Thus, some may be concerned that WC/M will not detect comprehension deficits in students who can read aloud accurately and rapidly, but fail to comprehend what they are reading (Marston, 1989).
For example, Cohen and colleagues (1998) found that 40% of children with social adjustment problems have unsuspected auditory comprehension deficits that go undiagnosed and untreated (Cohen, Barwick, Horodezky, Vallance, & Im, 1998).

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