complex partial seizure


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Related to complex partial seizure: automatism, absence seizure, Simple partial seizure

seizure

 [se´zhur]
1. the sudden attack or recurrence of a disease.
2. a convulsion or attack of epilepsy.
absence seizure the seizure seen in petit mal epilepsy, marked by a momentary break in the stream of thought and activity, accompanied by a symmetrical spike and wave at 3 cycles per second on the electroencephalogram. Called also petit malseizure. See epilepsy.
atonic seizure an absence seizure characterized by sudden loss of muscle tone.
complex partial seizure see partial seizure.
febrile seizure febrile convulsion.
focal seizure partial seizure.
focal motor seizure a simple partial seizure consisting of clonus or spasm of a muscle or muscle group, occurring either singly or in a continuous repetitive series.
generalized tonic-clonic seizure (grand mal seizure) the seizure seen in grand mal epilepsy, marked by loss of consciousness and generalized tonic convulsions followed by clonic convulsions. See epilepsy.
jackknife s's infantile spasms.
myoclonic seizure one characterized by a brief episode of myoclonus.
partial seizure any seizure due to a lesion in a specific, known area of the cerebral cortex; symptoms vary with different lesion locations. A simple partial seizure is the most localized type, with a discharge that is predominantly one-sided or presents localized features without loss of consciousness. A complex partial seizure is associated with disease of the temporal lobe and characterized by varying degrees of impairment of consciousness. See epilepsy.
petit mal seizure absence seizure.
reflex seizure (sensory seizure) an epileptic seizure in response to a sensory stimulus, which may be tactile, visual, auditory, or musical.
simple partial seizure see partial seizure.
tonic-clonic seizure see generalized tonic-clonic seizure.

com·plex par·tial sei·zure

a seizure with impairment of consciousness, occurring in a patient with focal epilepsy.

complex partial seizure

Complex seizure, partial complex seizure Neurology A brief, temporary seizure with multiple elaborate sensory, motor, or psychic components; rare in toddlers Etiology Regional necrosis due to hypoxia, trauma, tumors or discrete brain lesions Clinical Clouding of consciousness, event amnesia, bursts of anger or emotion, anxiety, automatisms EEG Temporal lobe spikes during sleep, abnormal electrical activity in the nerve cells of a discrete region of the brain. See Seizures.

com·plex par·tial sei·zure

(kŏm-pleks pahrshăl sēzhŭr)
A partial seizure with impairment of consciousness without features of a generalized seizure. Complex partial seizures are commonly associated with automatisms.

com·plex par·tial sei·zure

(kŏm-pleks pahrshăl sēzhŭr)
Seizure with impairment of consciousness, occurring in a patient with focal epilepsy.
References in periodicals archive ?
2001) reviewed 622 patients undergoing surgical evaluation for complex partial seizures and found that 29 patients developed PIP, documented through EEG.
CU is a 45 year-old white male with a history of premature birth and complex partial seizures with secondary generalization that began at 3 days of age.
MJH is a 53 year-old woman with a history of paranoid depression and complex partial seizures.
with a 14-year history of complex partial seizures that had been well controlled on lamotrigine monotherapy.
Frequent complex partial seizures continued in 2 of 5 patients in whom we found astrocytoma, while seizures occured as status in one.
Because complex partial seizures are often secondary to focal cortical lesions, it is tempting to speculate that these focal cortical lesions caused more complex partial seizures.
5), (6) Generalized tonic-clonic seizures are by far the most common, but simple partial seizures, complex partial seizures, and SE have also been described.
Comparison of motor activity and sleep in patients with complex partial seizures on levetiracetam treatment and a group of healthy subjects.
Patients with disabling complex partial seizures that remain uncontrolled after 2 or more AED trials (either as monotherapy or in combination) should be referred to an epilepsy specialty center for evaluation for surgery.
Complex partial seizures may cause a person to run in apparent fear, cry out, or repeat a phrase.
Complex partial seizures most commonly last two to three minutes but can extend up to 15 to 30 minutes (Yamamoto et al.
The preliminary efficacy evidence from that study showed that a minimum 50% reduction in seizure frequency was experienced by 43% of the patients with complex partial seizures and 35% of those with total disabling seizures (Neurotherapeutics 2008;5:68-74).