complex partial seizure


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Related to complex partial seizure: automatism, absence seizure, Simple partial seizure

seizure

 [se´zhur]
1. the sudden attack or recurrence of a disease.
2. a convulsion or attack of epilepsy.
absence seizure the seizure seen in petit mal epilepsy, marked by a momentary break in the stream of thought and activity, accompanied by a symmetrical spike and wave at 3 cycles per second on the electroencephalogram. Called also petit malseizure. See epilepsy.
atonic seizure an absence seizure characterized by sudden loss of muscle tone.
complex partial seizure see partial seizure.
febrile seizure febrile convulsion.
focal seizure partial seizure.
focal motor seizure a simple partial seizure consisting of clonus or spasm of a muscle or muscle group, occurring either singly or in a continuous repetitive series.
generalized tonic-clonic seizure (grand mal seizure) the seizure seen in grand mal epilepsy, marked by loss of consciousness and generalized tonic convulsions followed by clonic convulsions. See epilepsy.
jackknife s's infantile spasms.
myoclonic seizure one characterized by a brief episode of myoclonus.
partial seizure any seizure due to a lesion in a specific, known area of the cerebral cortex; symptoms vary with different lesion locations. A simple partial seizure is the most localized type, with a discharge that is predominantly one-sided or presents localized features without loss of consciousness. A complex partial seizure is associated with disease of the temporal lobe and characterized by varying degrees of impairment of consciousness. See epilepsy.
petit mal seizure absence seizure.
reflex seizure (sensory seizure) an epileptic seizure in response to a sensory stimulus, which may be tactile, visual, auditory, or musical.
simple partial seizure see partial seizure.
tonic-clonic seizure see generalized tonic-clonic seizure.

com·plex par·tial sei·zure

a seizure with impairment of consciousness, occurring in a patient with focal epilepsy.

complex partial seizure

Complex seizure, partial complex seizure Neurology A brief, temporary seizure with multiple elaborate sensory, motor, or psychic components; rare in toddlers Etiology Regional necrosis due to hypoxia, trauma, tumors or discrete brain lesions Clinical Clouding of consciousness, event amnesia, bursts of anger or emotion, anxiety, automatisms EEG Temporal lobe spikes during sleep, abnormal electrical activity in the nerve cells of a discrete region of the brain. See Seizures.

com·plex par·tial sei·zure

(kŏm-pleks pahrshăl sēzhŭr)
A partial seizure with impairment of consciousness without features of a generalized seizure. Complex partial seizures are commonly associated with automatisms.

com·plex par·tial sei·zure

(kŏm-pleks pahrshăl sēzhŭr)
Seizure with impairment of consciousness, occurring in a patient with focal epilepsy.
References in periodicals archive ?
Steinert and Froscher (1995) reported that directed aggression has been reported to occur significantly more frequently during the postictal period than during interictal psychosis or during the postictal confusional state following complex partial seizures.
Commission Errors in Seizure Documentation(*) Observers with Observers Type of Seizure 1 Error with 2 Errors Long complex partial seizure 14 4 Simple partial seizure 5 1 Repeat long complex partial seizure 4 0 Short complex partial seizure 3 0 Nonepileptic event 2 0 Partial secondarily generalized seizure 0 0 Percentage Duration of Observers of Seizure Type of Seizure with Errors (seconds) Long complex partial seizure 31% 120 Simple partial seizure 10% 12 Repeat long complex partial seizure 7% 120 Short complex partial seizure 5% 20 Nonepileptic event 3% 52 Partial secondarily generalized seizure 0 55
Complex partial seizures by definition consist of an altered state of consciousness during which unusual behaviors often occur but they are typically brief and stereotyped.
Complex partial seizures, a common type of seizures, start in a specific area of the brain and can affect consciousness.
Regarding different forms of epilepsy, it seems that temporal lobe epilepsy with complex partial seizures is most frequently associated with psychiatric disorders.
In adult patients gelastic epilepsy is uncommon and they tend to develop complex partial seizures with or without secondary generalization [3].
There are two types of partial seizures: simple partial seizures and complex partial seizures. The symptoms of the partial seizures depend on the base of where the seizure occurs [4, 5].
TARP-y8-dependent AMPA receptors are localized primarily in the hippocampus, a region of importance in complex partial seizures and particularly relevant to seizure origination and/or propagation.
(4) In his sample of 36 patients, 44.0% of the patients received a definite diagnosis of complex partial seizures, based on both clinical features and EEG findings.
This article will provide nurses with knowledge about patients with complex partial seizures originating in the temporal lobe and possible cardiac arrhythmias associated with these seizures (Opherk et al., 2002).
In both, about 86% had temporal lobe epilepsy, most had complex partial seizures, 45% were women, and the average age was 40 years.
The inquest heard that the student at Abbey Hill School and Technology College, Thornaby, had suffered with complex partial seizures since she was very young.