replicative form

(redirected from complementary strand)

rep·li·ca·tive form (RF),

1. an intermediate stage in the replication of either DNA or RNA viral genomes that is usually double stranded;
2. the altered, double-stranded form to which single-stranded coliphage DNA is converted after infection of a susceptible bacterium, formation of the complementary ("minus") strand being mediated by enzymes that were present in the bacterium before entrance of the viral ("plus") strand.
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

rep·li·ca·tive form

(rep'li-kă-tiv fōrm)
1. An intermediate stage in the replication of either DNA or RNA viral genomes that is usually double stranded.
2. The altered, double-stranded form to which single-stranded coliphage DNA is converted after infection of a susceptible bacterium, formation of the complementary ("minus") strand being mediated by enzymes that were present in the bacterium before entrance of the viral ("plus") strand.
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012
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References in periodicals archive ?
During the transcription of RNA from DNA, RNAPII, itself a large complex made up of multiple protein subunits, travels along the strand of DNA reading the ATCG sequence and producing a complementary strand of RNA.
Partially extended DNA detaches from its template during the following denaturation step, then on cooling anneals to any available complementary strand, synthesis of partial strand is then completed by copying the wrong sequences.
HNH nuclease is reported to be involved in cleavage of complementary strand while Ruvc cleaves the non-complementary strand resulting in the blunt end formation which after re-union gives frame shift mutations or indels [9]
Mastreviruses are monopartite, ssDNA viruses with ~2.5-2.7 kb circular genomes, encapsidated in twinned isometric viral particles but their genomes reported to express four proteins, encoded on the virion and complementary strand equally (Boulton, 2002).
At basic pH, the single strands can bind to a complementary strand pushing the fluorophore away from the gold surface, thereby enhancing the fluorescence.
The replication process is semiconservative: the strands are separated and each of them builds its complementary strand. (Nelson 2013; Smith 2004)
The homepage of the database contains a few tools for sequence analysis such as FindCodon, complementary strand prediction, base composition and translation tool.
Since DNA is negatively charged, binding of the probe with a complementary strand results in a higher magnitude of charge.
The enzymes could "read" the order of molecular components in a strand of XNA and use that information to build a complementary strand of DNA.
When students enter the class, give them a card with one side of a DNA strand written on it and ask them to write in the complementary strand. Each student can then trade cards with another and check their partner's strand.
Double stranded DNA is generated from single stranded DNA and its complementary strand. This type of bonding follows "Watson-Crick Complementary", which says that base A only bonds with base T, base G only with base C, and vice versa.
Capable of measuring 50,000 individual transcripts at once, the microarray bound a short sequence of messenger RNA with a fluorescent tag to a complementary strand of DNA.

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