Both cumulative incidence of and hazard ratios (HRs) for HCC development were analyzed after adjusting patient mortality as a competing risk
(2015) reported large inverse associations between early follow-up and readmission; however, the study did not account for geographic-, physician-, and hospital-level factors, as well as time-dependent effects of covariates and competing risk
Further, "comparative occurrence of a requirement for cardiovascular procedure and surgery in the two groups may be influenced by a competing risk
for death," the researchers noted.
Regression modeling of competing risk
using R: an in depth guide for clinicians.
The competing-risks model estimates monthly hazard rates of late payments using the observed data for each period, where the competing risk
is that a loan is prepaid (and therefore not at risk for being paid late).
- How can we evaluate competing risk
data in group sequential trials?
As supporting time-to-event analysis, the competing risk
model of Fine and Gray  was conducted where preterm delivery (before 38 + 0 weeks of gestation) is considered a competing event to the start of pharmacotherapy.
Gourlay and colleagues conducted a retrospective competing risk
analysis of new occurrence of treatment-level and screening-level fracture risk scores.
To estimate the effects of covariates on the survival, the Cox proportional hazard and the Fine-Gray competing risk
models were fitted, considering simple and multiple regressions.
Since Cox regression may lead to biased effect estimates in the presence of a competing risk
such as death, which can preclude the occurrence of cancer, we calculated a subdistribution hazard ratio for any cancer accounting for the competing risk
of death by any cause.
They used competing risk
methodology to derive the cumulative incidence of fatal cardiac events.
The series types of data generally arise in case of several competing risk
, say, [R.sub.1], [R.sub.2], ..., [R.sub.k], which may be imagined to be competing each other for taking the life of an individual or a system.