competing risk

com·pet·ing risk

an event that removes a subject from being at risk for an outcome under investigation.
References in periodicals archive ?
Both cumulative incidence of and hazard ratios (HRs) for HCC development were analyzed after adjusting patient mortality as a competing risk event.
(2015) reported large inverse associations between early follow-up and readmission; however, the study did not account for geographic-, physician-, and hospital-level factors, as well as time-dependent effects of covariates and competing risk by death.
Further, "comparative occurrence of a requirement for cardiovascular procedure and surgery in the two groups may be influenced by a competing risk for death," the researchers noted.
Regression modeling of competing risk using R: an in depth guide for clinicians.
The competing-risks model estimates monthly hazard rates of late payments using the observed data for each period, where the competing risk is that a loan is prepaid (and therefore not at risk for being paid late).
- How can we evaluate competing risk data in group sequential trials?
As supporting time-to-event analysis, the competing risk model of Fine and Gray [12] was conducted where preterm delivery (before 38 + 0 weeks of gestation) is considered a competing event to the start of pharmacotherapy.
Gourlay and colleagues conducted a retrospective competing risk analysis of new occurrence of treatment-level and screening-level fracture risk scores.
To estimate the effects of covariates on the survival, the Cox proportional hazard and the Fine-Gray competing risk models were fitted, considering simple and multiple regressions.
Since Cox regression may lead to biased effect estimates in the presence of a competing risk such as death, which can preclude the occurrence of cancer, we calculated a subdistribution hazard ratio for any cancer accounting for the competing risk of death by any cause.
They used competing risk methodology to derive the cumulative incidence of fatal cardiac events.
The series types of data generally arise in case of several competing risk, say, [R.sub.1], [R.sub.2], ..., [R.sub.k], which may be imagined to be competing each other for taking the life of an individual or a system.