comparative pathology


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pathology

 [pah-thol´o-je]
1. the branch of medicine treating of the essential nature of disease, especially of the changes in body tissues and organs that cause or are caused by disease.
2. the structural and functional manifestations of a disease. adj., adj patholog´ic, patholog´ical.
clinical pathology pathology applied to the solution of clinical problems, especially the use of laboratory methods in clinical diagnosis.
comparative pathology that which considers human disease processes in comparison with those of other animals.
experimental pathology the study of artificially induced pathologic processes.
oral pathology that which treats of conditions causing or resulting from morbid anatomic or functional changes in the structures of the mouth.
speech pathology (speech-language pathology) a field of the health sciences dealing with the evaluation of speech, language, and voice disorders and the rehabilitation of patients with such disorders not amenable to medical or surgical treatment. See also speech-language pathologist.
surgical pathology the pathology of disease processes that are surgically accessible for diagnosis or treatment.

com·par·a·tive pa·thol·o·gy

the pathology of diseases of animals, especially in relation to human pathology.

comparative pathology

A field of science which compares specific human pathologies with those seen in natural animal models—e.g., diabetes insipidus in Brattleboro rats, which don’t produce vasopressin.

com·par·a·tive pa·thol·o·gy

(kŏm-par'ă-tiv pă-thol'ŏ-jē)
The pathology of diseases of animals, especially in relation to human pathology.

pathology

1. the branch of veterinary science treating of the essential nature of disease, especially of the changes in body tissues and organs which cause or are caused by disease.
2. the structural and functional manifestations of a disease.

clinical pathology
see clinical pathology.
comparative pathology
that which considers human disease processes in comparison with those of the lower animals.
experimental pathology
the study of artificially induced pathological processes.
oral pathology
that which treats of conditions causing or resulting from morbid anatomical or functional changes in the structures of the mouth.
surgical pathology
the pathology of disease processes that are surgically accessible for diagnosis or treatment.
References in periodicals archive ?
In 1895, Smith moved to Cambridge, Massachusetts, to accept a dual appointment, serving as professor of comparative pathology at Harvard University and director of the Massachusetts State Antitoxin and Vaccine Laboratory.
McKerlie's research endeavors encompass the pathology phenotype of knock-out, transgenic, and mutagenized animals; rodent models of genetic and infectious lung disease; and, comparative pathology.
Contract award: Comparative pathology laboratory building and the space FVM adaptation of Microbiology and Parasitology laboratory use lidfinansetajam ERDF project "Modern scientific improvement of material and technical resources of agricultural and food development of national research center of the subject.
Topics include the comparative pathology of mammary gland cancers in domestic and wild animals, neoplasia in nonhuman primates, mouse models of breast cancer, comparison of genetically engineered mouse mammary cancer models and human breast cancer by expression profiling, genetically engineered rat models, chemical carcinogenesis of rat and mouse mammary glands, comparative genetics and genomes of rat models, toxicogenomic analyses of genetic susceptibility to mammary gland carcinogenesis in rodents and the applications for breast cancer, and the relationship between comparative medicine, "one medicine," and genomic pathology.

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