comparative anatomy


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anatomy

 [ah-nat´o-me]
the science dealing with the form and structure of living organisms.
Examples of specialty areas of anatomy and physiology. From Applegate, 2000.
clinical anatomy anatomy as applied to clinical practice.
comparative anatomy description and comparison of the form and structure of different animals.
developmental anatomy the field of embryology concerned with the changes that cells, tissues, organs, and the body as a whole undergo from a germ cell of each parent to the resulting offspring; it includes both prenatal and postnatal development.
gross anatomy (macroscopic anatomy) that dealing with structures visible with the unaided eye.
microscopic anatomy histology.
morbid anatomy (pathologic anatomy) anatomy of diseased tissues.
radiologic anatomy x-ray anatomy.
special anatomy anatomy devoted to study of particular organs or parts.
topographic anatomy that devoted to determination of relative positions of various body parts.
x-ray anatomy study of organs and tissues based on their visualization by x-rays in both living and dead bodies.

com·par·a·tive a·nat·o·my

the comparative study of animal structure with regard to homologous organs or parts.

com·par·a·tive a·nat·o·my

(kŏm-par'ă-tiv ă-nat'ŏ-mē)
The comparative study of animal structure with regard to homologous organs or parts.

comparative anatomy

The study of the similarities and differences between the body structure of different animals. Although external appearances may vary considerably, in many cases the similarities are much greater than the differences. This observation has been one of the principal reasons for the belief that we have evolved from common ancestors.
References in periodicals archive ?
Comparative anatomy and significance of the sesamoid bone of the peroneus longus muscle (os peroneum).
Aristotle laid the foundation of comparative anatomy and established embryology on a scientific foundation by his direct studies of the chick embryo.
These findings will serve as baseline information in the study of the head of WADG and in comparative anatomy with other breeds.
Currently, the main macroscopic study tool is by comparative anatomy investigating the shape and development of the animal body through the analogy between different species.
Paris has absolutely tons of things for kids to do, from ogling giant whale skeletons at the Museum of Natural History's Palaeontology and Comparative Anatomy Gallery to exploring the wonderfully quirky Magic Museum, which boasts a collection of more than 100 bizarre mechanical figurines as well as all sorts of curious magic knick-knacks.
"Our technique shows that pterosaurs were different from birds and bats and so comparative anatomy can reveal novel developmental modes in extinct species," Dr Charles Deeming, a zoologist at the University of Lincoln, said.
For Griffiths, Darwin's uniquely analogical vision anticipates the widespread turn to analogy in nineteenth-century scientific practice exemplified, for instance, in the paradigmatic disciplines of comparative anatomy and linguistics.
It is complemented by histology, embryology and comparative anatomy. Anatomy is regarded as mother of all sciences1 because it integrates structure and function.
For more than 2,000 years, comparative anatomy -- the study of anatomical variation among different animal species -- has been used to make arguments in natural philosophy, reinforce religious dogma, and remind us of our own mortality.
He acquired the position of cadet after graduating from college, having studied comparative anatomy. He kept records, administered anesthetics, and performed postmortem examinations.
The faculty involved in the comparative anatomy project include Bob Henry, professor of veterinary anatomy, and Paul Nader, assistant professor of veterinary anatomy.
Burrows G E (2001) Comparative anatomy of the photosynthetic organs of 39 xeromorphic species from subhumid New South Wales, Australia.

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