comparative anatomy


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anatomy

 [ah-nat´o-me]
the science dealing with the form and structure of living organisms.
Examples of specialty areas of anatomy and physiology. From Applegate, 2000.
clinical anatomy anatomy as applied to clinical practice.
comparative anatomy description and comparison of the form and structure of different animals.
developmental anatomy the field of embryology concerned with the changes that cells, tissues, organs, and the body as a whole undergo from a germ cell of each parent to the resulting offspring; it includes both prenatal and postnatal development.
gross anatomy (macroscopic anatomy) that dealing with structures visible with the unaided eye.
microscopic anatomy histology.
morbid anatomy (pathologic anatomy) anatomy of diseased tissues.
radiologic anatomy x-ray anatomy.
special anatomy anatomy devoted to study of particular organs or parts.
topographic anatomy that devoted to determination of relative positions of various body parts.
x-ray anatomy study of organs and tissues based on their visualization by x-rays in both living and dead bodies.

com·par·a·tive a·nat·o·my

the comparative study of animal structure with regard to homologous organs or parts.

comparative anatomy

[kəmper′ətiv]
Etymology: L, com + par, equal
the study of the morphological characteristics of all living animals. A comparison of the forms indicates a progression on a scale from the simplest to the most highly specialized animals. The adult stage of animals that are lower in the scale resembles the immature stages of many higher-level animals. Compare applied anatomy. See also ontogeny, phylogeny.

com·par·a·tive a·nat·o·my

(kŏm-par'ă-tiv ă-nat'ŏ-mē)
The comparative study of animal structure with regard to homologous organs or parts.

comparative anatomy

The study of the similarities and differences between the body structure of different animals. Although external appearances may vary considerably, in many cases the similarities are much greater than the differences. This observation has been one of the principal reasons for the belief that we have evolved from common ancestors.

anatomy

the science dealing with the form and structure of living organisms.

comparative anatomy
description and comparison of the form and structure of different animals.
developmental anatomy
the changes in form from fertilization to adulthood, including embryology, fetology and postnatal development.
gross anatomy
that dealing with structures visible with the unaided eye. Called also macroscopic anatomy.
macroscopic anatomy
see gross anatomy (above).
microscopic anatomy
anatomy revealed by microscopy; includes histology and cytology.
morbid anatomy
anatomy of diseased tissues. Called also pathological anatomy.
pathological anatomy
see morbid anatomy (above).
radiological anatomy
anatomy revealed by the techniques of radiography and fluoroscopy.
special anatomy
anatomy devoted to study of particular organs or parts.
topographic anatomy
that devoted to determination of relative positions of various body parts; regional anatomy.
x-ray anatomy
see radiological anatomy (above).
References in periodicals archive ?
Both explicitly and implicitly, early black performance responded to emergent regimes of racist science linked to comparative anatomy through what Brooks calls "spectacular performances" of freedom.
For Leonardo's programme of comparative anatomy between a man and a horse, see Richter, op.
The purpose of this study was to investigate the morphometric characteristics of the moose heart, structural and comparative anatomy of its circulatory system, and to quantitatively estimate specific volumes of structural components of the cardiac circulatory system (conducting cardiocytes, hemocirculatory path, conductive tissue, and stromatic elements) in moose, calf, pig, and man.
In zoology--general 10 hours, entomology 4 hours, human anatomy 0-3 hours, physiology 3 hours, hygiene 0-3 hours, embryology 4 hours, histology 0-4 hours, nutrition 0-2 hours, vertebrate comparative anatomy 4 hours, teaching of biology 2 hours, ornithology 0-3 hours, parasitology 0-4 hours, vertebrate field zoology 0-3 hours, zoological problems 0-3 hours, cell biology 0-2 hours.
Comparative anatomy and systematics of Senghas's cushion species of Maxillaria (Orchidaceae).
To mention the most obvious first: the dorsal column (evidently of a primate),(15) the skeleton birds and the skeleton-fish are typical denizens of the gallery of Comparative Anatomy (Figs.
2000), Bill and his doctoral student Phil Rury were perhaps the first to coin the term "ecophyletic plant anatomy" for integrating classical comparative anatomy with information on plant habit and environmental adaptation in wood and leaf structure.
Where Edwards' approach is one of separating out the diverse cultural implications and disciplinary strands of a single text, Wiseman's method, in her study of the indeterminate position of the ape in Edward Tyson's Orang-Outang, sive Homo Sylvestris or the Anatomy of a Pygmie, involves a recuper ation of the neglected man-monkey myths in that work, an insistence on the relatedness of comparative anatomy and anthropological narrative, and a formulation of the potential transformability of individual creatures and social institutions.
I think there are two reasons that American Anatomies is so conflicted and evasive a book--three, perhaps, if you're not convinced that its range of topics has a sufficient internal logic linking comparative anatomy to lynching to the sci-fi film Enemy Mine.
His early "Allgemeine Einleitung in die vergleichende Anatomie, ausgehend yon der Osteologie" (General Introduction to Comparative Anatomy, Based on Osteology; 1793) opens with the following theoretical claim: "Naturgeschichte beruht auf Vergleichung.
Comparative anatomy and phylogeny of primate muscles and human evolution.

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