community-acquired pneumonia


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Related to community-acquired pneumonia: Nosocomial pneumonia

community-acquired pneumonia (CAP),

pneumonia caused by any organism found regularly outside the hospital; common organisms include Streptococcus pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenzae, and Mycoplasma, as opposed to hospital-acquired or nosocomical pneumonia.

community-acquired pneumonia

(kə-myo͞o′nĭ-tē-)
n.
Pneumonia that a person acquires outside of a hospital or other health care institution, as distinguished from nosocomial, or hospital-acquired pneumonia.

community-acquired pneumonia

Pneumonia caused by an infection currently present in the community; CAP is the most common cause of infectious death–US, and number 6 killer overall; of the 57% of CAPs in which a pathogen is identified, S pneumoniae causes 60%, H influenzae 15%, Legionella pneumophila 10-15%, Staphylococcus aureus 2-10% Clinical Atypical pneumonia with delayed recognition; early SX are distinctly nonpulmonary–eg, dry cough, myalgia, arthralgia Diagnosis Pathogens in pleural fluid or blood cultures, Pneumocystis carinii in sputum or BAL, a 4-fold ↑ in Mycoplasma pneumoniae antibody titers, isolation of L pneumophila, or a 4-fold ↑ in L pneumophila antibody titers, or positive direct fluorescent antibody test for legionella, S pneumoniae antigen in serum, urine Risk factors Alcoholism, seizure disorders, smoking, immunosuppression

community-acquired pneumonia

Pneumonia occurring in outpatients, often caused by infection with streptococcus, Haemophilus influenzae, Staphylococcus aureus, and atypical organisms such as Legionella species. Mortality is approximately 15% but depends on many host and pathogen features.
See also: pneumonia
References in periodicals archive ?
Low risk patients admitted with community-acquired pneumonia.
Prognostic value of serum albumin levels in hospitalized adults with community-acquired pneumonia.
Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is a common and potentially serious infection that is responsible for a significant number of outpatient visits and hospital admissions each year.
We have to treat some patients with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) for atypical bacteria, just in case, don't we?
The CAPO database is the result of an international cohort study of patients with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) hospitalized between 2001 and 2006.
The study validates use of the simplified model for predicting risk of death from community-acquired pneumonia, Dr.
For example, while results from 1 study of patients with community-acquired pneumonia and bacteremia due to bacteremic pneumococcal infection demonstrated an association between increased death rates and discordant antimicrobial drug therapy (27), no such association was observed in a different study (28) of patients with pneumococcal community-acquired pneumonia.
The Barcelona-based researchers enrolled 224 immunocompetent adults who received a diagnosis of community-acquired pneumonia with no respiratory failure, complicated pleural effusions, or unstable comorbidities.
The second study of 406 hospitalized patients with community-acquired pneumonia showed an 88% clinical cure rate in 328 evaluable patients regardless of treatment group.
8) a dose of levofloxacin 500 mg every 12 hours was studied in severe community-acquired pneumonia.
Diagnostic testing for community-acquired pneumonia.
On average, a 28 percent lower inhospital risk-adjusted mortality was experienced by Medicare patients at Distinguished Hospitals for Clinical Excellence in the following procedures and diagnoses: cardiac surgery, angioplasty and stent, heart attack, heart failure, atrial fibrillation, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, community-acquired pneumonia, stroke, abdominal aortic aneurysm repair, bowel obstruction, gastrointestinal bleed, pancreatitis, diabetic acidosis and coma, pulmonary embolism and sepsis.

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