community-acquired pneumonia


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Acronyms, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to community-acquired pneumonia: Nosocomial pneumonia

community-acquired pneumonia (CAP),

pneumonia caused by any organism found regularly outside the hospital; common organisms include Streptococcus pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenzae, and Mycoplasma, as opposed to hospital-acquired or nosocomical pneumonia.

community-acquired pneumonia

(kə-myo͞o′nĭ-tē-)
n.
Pneumonia that a person acquires outside of a hospital or other health care institution, as distinguished from nosocomial, or hospital-acquired pneumonia.

community-acquired pneumonia

Pneumonia caused by an infection currently present in the community; CAP is the most common cause of infectious death–US, and number 6 killer overall; of the 57% of CAPs in which a pathogen is identified, S pneumoniae causes 60%, H influenzae 15%, Legionella pneumophila 10-15%, Staphylococcus aureus 2-10% Clinical Atypical pneumonia with delayed recognition; early SX are distinctly nonpulmonary–eg, dry cough, myalgia, arthralgia Diagnosis Pathogens in pleural fluid or blood cultures, Pneumocystis carinii in sputum or BAL, a 4-fold ↑ in Mycoplasma pneumoniae antibody titers, isolation of L pneumophila, or a 4-fold ↑ in L pneumophila antibody titers, or positive direct fluorescent antibody test for legionella, S pneumoniae antigen in serum, urine Risk factors Alcoholism, seizure disorders, smoking, immunosuppression

community-acquired pneumonia

Pneumonia occurring in outpatients, often caused by infection with streptococcus, Haemophilus influenzae, Staphylococcus aureus, and atypical organisms such as Legionella species. Mortality is approximately 15% but depends on many host and pathogen features.
See also: pneumonia
References in periodicals archive ?
In a study by Gutierrez F et al., the incidence of community-acquired pneumonia is 9 cases per 10000 patient-years in females while it is 16 cases in males.13
Scores, such as CURB-65 (Confusion, Urea nitrogen, Respiratory rate, Blood pressure) or CAP-PIRO (predisposition, insult, response, and organ dysfunction of community-acquired pneumonia), help to stratify severity, being ARF and shock the most important cause of ICU admission (3, 18, 19).
Clinical Characteristics of Community-Acquired Pneumonia Associated with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Mortality of community-acquired pneumonia in Korea: assessed with the pneumonia severity index and the CURB-65 score.
Clinical efficacy of newer agents in short-duration therapy for community-acquired pneumonia. Clin Infect Dis.
Prospective comparison of three predictive rules for assessing severity of community-acquired pneumonia in Hong Kong.
Molecular detection of Mycoplasma pneumoniae by quantitative real-time PCR in patients with Community-acquired pneumonia. India J Med Res 2013;138(2):244-51.
Mandell, "Epidemiology and etiology of community-acquired pneumonia," Infectious Disease Clinics of North America, vol.
(29) Implementation of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) guidelines, which recommend empiric use of either azithromycin or a respiratory fluoroquinolone, could be a reason for the dramatic mortality reduction seen in community-acquired Legionella pneumonia.
Analysis of factors that contribute to treatment failure in patients with community-acquired pneumonia. Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis 2006.
Prognostic value of N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide in hospitalised patients with community-acquired pneumonia. Emerg Med J 2011; 28: 122-7.
cases of severe community-acquired pneumonia has become common, complicating treatment with a macrolide, Dr.

Full browser ?