a) Martin-Gruber communicating branch
: This communication that forms in the forearm was described by Swedish anatomist Martin in 1763 and complemented by Gruber in 1870.
 reported in 2% of cases the occurrence of anastomosis of cephalic vein with external juguar vein (EJV) via a communicating branch
. Knowledge of these variations is essential to clinicians and surgeons for venous access during emergencies and surgery .
Mesangial proliferative glomerulonephritis combined with splenic infarction has been reported.[sup] As splenic artery is a terminal artery without communicating branch
, splenic infarction has a tendency to spontaneous healing.
Type III- MSCN nerve and the communicating branch
did not pierce the coracobrachialis.
The lateral sural cutaneous (LSC) and sural communicating branch
nerves also originate from the common fibular nerve and have a sensory function that can elicit reflex activity.
2) The pronator teres muscle in the forearm of one specimen was only found innervated by the musculocutaneous nerve, even in this forearm there was no communicating branch
to median nerve (Fig.
The superior communicating branch
joins the sciatic artery just above the knee.
A novel classification of musculocutaneous nerve variations: The relationship between the communicating branch
and transposed innervation of the brachial flexors to the median nerve.
The sympathetic-parasympathetic communicating branch
. There is a sympathetic-parasympathetic communicating branch
located on the lateral surface of the esophagus.
to the vague nerve: Two or three small and stout twigs arose from the caudal margin of the middle part of the CCG joined the medial surface of the vagus nerve (Fig.
In their reported case on the right side, the radial and ulnar nerves had a single communicating branch
whereas on the left side, there were multiple communication twigs between the two nerves at the mid humeral level (Ajayi et al.).
An unusual ulnar nerve median nerve communicating branch