commotio cordis


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commotio cordis

damage to the heart, frequently fatal, resulting from a sharp nonpenetrating blow to the adjacent body surface.

com·mo·ti·o cor·dis

(kō-mō'shē-ō kōr'dis)
A disturbance in the electrical activity of the heart induced by blunt trauma to the anterior chest (as in athletic injuries, steering wheel injuries, and criminal assaults) without demonstrable structural damage. It can lead to ventricular fibrillation or other fatal arrhythmias and is among the more frequent causes of sudden death in athletes.
[L. agitation of the heart]

commotio cordis

(kō-mō′shē-ō kŏr′dĭs)
Sudden death following blunt chest trauma. At autopsy, no pathological findings are demonstrated. The syndrome is believed to be caused by ventricular fibrillation.
References in periodicals archive ?
Published in cooperation with the American College of Sports Medicine, this textbook contains 18 chapters on the etiology, prevention, recognition, treatment, and return-to-play guidelines for 12 of the top causes of sudden death in sports, including heart disease, congenital cardiac conditions, commotio cordis, exertional heat stroke and hyponatremia, head injuries, asthma, exertional sickling, and environmental, immune-related, and autoimmune conditions.
Most commonly occurring in the setting of sport, commotio cordis has been reported with increasing frequency [1, 2].
For example, in the commotio cordis query set (Table 3, online only), the occurrence of commotio cordis was reported in four articles related to violence, each of which employed different title terms (violence, less-lethal weapon, soldier, military).
Commotio cordis is defined as a cardiac concussion with significant electrical disturbance when force is applied to the thorax during a vulnerable phase of ventricular repolarization.
Commotio Cordis is the second highest cause of death in athletes.
Global epidemiology and demographics of commotio cordis.
It may be that Israeli athletes die from causes such as Marfan's Syndrome, anomalous coronary arteries, catecholamine related arrhythmias, or commotio cordis, which would not be detected by a resting ECG.
Michael died of commotio cordis - he went into cardiac arrest after being hit hard in the chest after a catch.
Nonpenetrating blunt trauma that induces ventricular arrhythmia in a normal heart, known as commotio cordis, ac counts for another 20% of sudden cardiac death (SCD) cases.
In addition, commotio cordis cannot be screened for or prevented, and the only cure is defibrillation.
Commotio cordis (a Latin phrase meaning "commotion of the heart") is the term for a blunt, nonpenetrating blow to the chest that occurs during a 20-millisecond window and triggers an irregular heartbeat called ventricular fibrillation.