common peroneal nerve


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Related to common peroneal nerve: femoral nerve, tibial nerve

com·mon fib·u·lar nerve

[TA]
one of the terminal divisions of the sciatic nerve, diverging from the tibial nerve at the upper end of the popliteal fossa, then coursing with the biceps tendon along the lateral portion of the popliteal space to wind around the neck of the fibula, where it divides into the superficial and deep peroneal nerves. The common peroneal nerve, or its deep branch, is the most commonly injured nerve, being located in a lateral subcutaneous position at the fibular neck; a lesion causes a loss of ability to dorsiflex the foot ("foot drop").

com·mon fib·u·lar nerve

(kom'ŏn fib'yū-lăr nĕrv) [TA]
Terminal division of the sciatic nerve, diverging from the tibial nerve at the upper end of the popliteal fossa, then coursing with the biceps tendon along the lateral portion of the popliteal space to wind around the neck of the fibula where it divides into the superficial and deep peroneal nerves. The common peroneal nerve, or its deep branch, is the most commonly injured nerve, being located in a lateral subcutaneous position at the fibular neck; a lesion causes a loss of ability to dorsiflex the foot ("foot drop").
Synonym(s): common peroneal nerve, nervus fibularis communis, nervus peroneus communis.
References in periodicals archive ?
In conclusion, for patients with common peroneal nerve entrapment at the fibular head, watchful waiting until spontaneous recovery occurs has been advocated.
Debridement of the crushed segments resulted in extensive nerve gaps of 18 and 12 cm of tibial and common peroneal nerves, respectively.
Similarities and dissimilarities of the blood supplies of the human sciatic, tibial, and common peroneal nerves. Clin.
Motor nerve conduction velocities (MNCV) in common peroneal nerve and sensory nerve conduction velocities (SNCV) in posterior tibial nerve were significantly decreased (p < 0.05), while all other nerve velocities difference were not significant.
Complete sparing of the common peroneal nerve is observed at the level of the popliteal crease, (b) MSN = medial sural nerve; TN = tibial nerve; CPN = common peroneal nerve; SN = sciatic nerve.
The differences in tunnel lengths and distances from the guide pins to the common peroneal nerve and the femoral LCL origin using a flexible or a rigid reamer were compared.
The peroneal intraneural ganglia are classified by the leve of progression; ganglia occur from the tibiofibular joint (stage 0), following that they progress proximally to the articular branch (stage I), the deep peroneal nerve (stage II), the common peroneal nerve (stage III), and then spread into the sciatic nerve (stage IV).
(1) Common peroneal nerve involvement may alter sensation of the lateral leg, as well, but may also cause foot drop.
On nerve examination, the right ulnar and left common peroneal nerve was enlarged.
Magnetic resonance imaging revealed a cystic-appearing mass around the fibular neck that compressed the common peroneal nerve. Surgical excision and ligation of the cyst pedicle were performed.
Superficial peroneal nerve: The superficial peroneal nerve is the superficial branch of the common peroneal nerve. It arises at the level of the fibular neck and courses down the lateral compartment of the leg providing sensation to the dorsum of the foot and the toes.