commensal


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commensal

 [kŏ-men´sal]
1. living on or within another organism, and deriving benefit without harming or benefiting the host individual.
2. a parasitic organism that causes no harm to the host.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

com·men·sal

(kŏ-men'săl),
1. Pertaining to or characterized by commensalism.
2. An organism participating in commensalism.
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

commensal

(kə-mĕn′səl)
adj.
Of, relating to, or characterized by a symbiotic relationship in which one species is benefited while the other is unaffected.
n.
An organism participating in a symbiotic relationship in which one species derives some benefit while the other is unaffected.

com·men′sal·ly adv.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

commensal

adjective Referring to a relationship in which one organism lives near, on or within another organism, and derives benefit therof without injuring or benefiting the other.

noun Commensal organism, see there.
Segen's Medical Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.

com·men·sal

(kŏ-men'săl)
1. Pertaining to or characterized by commensalism.
2. An organism participating in commensalism.
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012

commensal

A micro-organism that lives continuously on, or in certain parts of, the body, without causing disease. Commensals sometimes exclude more dangerous organisms, but may cause disease if they gain access to parts of the body other than their normal habitat.
Collins Dictionary of Medicine © Robert M. Youngson 2004, 2005

commensal

(of an organism) living in close association with another organism of a different species where neither has an obvious effect on the other. Examples are some POLYCHAETE worms that live in the tubes of others, and certain bacteria that live on human skin. See SYMBIOSIS.
Collins Dictionary of Biology, 3rd ed. © W. G. Hale, V. A. Saunders, J. P. Margham 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
coli isolates were more resistant than commensal isolates to all tested antimicrobial drugs except amikacin.
(8) The bottom line is that we absolutely must "feed" the commensal bacteria; simply providing high-quality probiotics is futile unless adequate soluble fiber/butyrate is concomitantly provided.
Similarly Sukhabogii et al [1] ensures complete clearing of pathogenic flora detected initially after disinfecting with 0.2% chlorhexidine and decrease in colony count of streptococcus detected as commensal.
Tuning of skin immunity by skin commensal bacteria.
Conversely, an aberrant activation of MCs may alter the normal cooperation with commensal bacteria and result in inflammation, as demonstrated in a mouse model of cryopyrin-associated periodic syndromes bearing a missense NLRP3 mutation [24].
Until recently, the mechanisms by which commensal gut microbiota maintained or promoted colonization resistance were unknown.
Change in commensal bacteria is key to the inflammatory processes and are also altered in the presence of inflammation.[11] The neuroinflammation characteristic of migraine may also be subject to this association.
Together, they created a new vaccine that protects food animals against commensal and disease-causing types of Salmonella.
To investigate the pattern of reproduction of the Norway rat, Rattus norvegicus in urban areas of Rawalpindi city, Pakistan, live trapping of commensal rodents was carried out from May 2011 through April 2012.
Genetic, immunologic, and microbiologic studies have shown that the etiology of IBD involves a reduced tolerance to components of the intestinal commensal microbiota.To prevent IBD, There should be perfect homeostasis mediated by the integrity of the intestinal barrier and functional immune tolerance to intestinal microbiota and luminal antigens.
The Microbiome is the ecological community of commensal, symbiotic and pathogenic microorganisms that literally in habit our body.
Quorum Innovation's Probiomic Therapeutics[TM] inhibit and detach pathogenic biofilm while enhancing commensal resident biofilm.